There are a lot of cultures around the world, each one with their own characteristics. Those characteristics make those cultures unique. Each culture was developing their distinctiveness and symbols during the time. Some of those features were acquired, created or modified by their selves. This study is not about the worlds cultures. I am going to focus on Chicanos cultural symbolsand how they were acquired, created or modified.
At first I have to define what Chicano means in order to make easier to understand this study. There are different definitions to this word around the world for example: Chicano is used in the EU to refer to the Mexican – American people. Sometime ago that term was used exclusively to refer to the Hispanic people who lived in Texas, NuevoMexico and California; So, I going to use the following definition:
Chicano is the American citizen whose origin is Mexican or a person who was born in USA, but his/her origin is Mexican.
As million of other cultures the Chicano culture was developing their own characteristics during the time. I have to say that this was not an easy process to them, because of their history. In the decade of60s the Chicano Civil Rights Movement began with Cesar Chavez as leader to defend the Chicano workers rights. That movement was looking for civil rights, education and health to Chicano people. The “Plan Espiritual de Aztlan” was formed by artists, farm people and students to recovered pre-Columbian symbols and myths; those were used to give strength to the movement. As a result, Chicano peoplefound the new Aztlan in the border of Mexico and the EU. So, according with Chicanos believes and cultural process they have adopted some images and people as symbols such as:
1. LA VIRGEN DE GUADALUPE
The love for La Virgen is not to be confused with a numb devotion to the Catholic Church. In fact, for Chicanos or Chicanas or Xicanas, La Virgen is really a reincarnation of the Aztecgoddess, Tonatzin also known in Mesoamerican cultures as Coatlicue , and Cihuacoatl the mother of all creation in pre-conquered America.
The devotion/adoration/pop culture fanatics that are aimed at La Virgen by Chicanos are not devotions to the Catholic Church, as this would attract the wrong kind of Chicano, but an understanding of a robbed culture and an indigenous past. La Virgen, is an iconicimagine of acculturation, colonization, genocide, divide and conquer and the expansion of Catholicism under false pretenses. Although, there are religious Chicanos most that have attended East LA College or CSUN have gotten a fair share of anti-Catholic doctrine.
2. EMILIANO ZAPATA
Of all the leaders in the Mexican Revolution, Emiliano Zapata was the most idealistic. He sought neitherpersonal power nor wealth. His goal was to give "the lands, woods, and water that the landlords usurped" back to the peasants of his native state of Morelos. To the Indians of Morelos the land was more important than life itself. They spoke deeply of their patria chica (little fatherland), and the song they loved best ended with the refrain: "if they are going to kill me tomorrow, / why, let themkill me today."
3. CHE GUEVARA
Another cultural symbol is the Che Guevara. he was adopted has a symbol by the Chicanos , because his example of discipline and strength. Besides, the Cuban revolution had a big influence on the Chicano movement. The most relevant fact was that Chicanos created the “boinas cafes” army that name was taken from the Mexican color skin.
4. THE AZTEC CALENDARThe Aztec name for the huge basaltic monolith is Cuauhxicalli Eagle Bowl, nut it is universally known as the Aztec calendar or Sun Stone. It was during the reign of the 6th Aztec monarch in 1479 that this stone was carved and dedicated t the principal Aztec deity: the sun. The stone has both mythological and astronomical significance. The sun stone was probably used as a sacrifice altar known...