This federal law, also known as EHA, required states to provide "a free, appropriate public education for every child between the agesof 3 and 21 (unless state law does not provide free, public education to children 3 to 5 or 18 to 21 years of age) regardless of how, or how seriously, he may be handicapped." PL 94-142 was the firstlaw to clearly define the rights of disabled children to free appropriate public education (FAPE). It required the school systems to include the parents when meeting about the child or making decisionsabout his/her education. PL 94-142 mandated an individualized education program (IEP) for every student with a disability. The IEP must include short and long-term goals for the student, as well asensure that the necessary services and products are available to the student. This law also requires that students are placed in the least restrictive environment (LRE). LRE means placing the studentin the most normal setting that is possible. PL 94-142 also ensures that students with disabilities are given nondiscriminatory tests (tests which take into consideration the native-language of thestudent and the effects of the disability) and that due process procedures are in place (to protect parents and students).
• PL 98-199 Education of the Handicapped Act Amendments (1983)
This lawallows for federal funding to create parent training and information centers (PIC) so that parents could learn how to protect the rights that PL 94-142 guarantees their child. PL 98-199 also providedfinancial incentives to expand services for children from birth to age 3 and the initiatives for transition services from school to adult living for students with disabilities.
• PL 99-372Handicapped Children's Protection Act (1986)
This act allows parents or guardians to be reimbursed for reasonable legal costs if they WIN a hearing or court action. PL 99-372 requires that the case...