English connectors

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Rewrite the sentences below with the connectors given in
brackets.

1 Examples: (making contrasts)
Although1 (neutral)/Even though (more emphatic)/Though
(less formal) he had a sprained ankle (or he had
sprained his ankle/his ankle was sprained), he went
out for a walk.
In spite of/Despite having a sprained ankle/having
sprained his ankle, he went out for a walk.In spite of/Despite2 his sprained ankle, he went out for a
walk.
In spite of/Despite his ankle being sprained, he went out
for a walk.
He had a sprained ankle, but he went out for a walk.
He had a sprained ankle/He had sprained his ankle/His
ankle was sprained. However (neutral)/Nevertheless
(formal)/Nonetheless3 (formal)/All the same (less
formal)/Yet (lessformal)/Still (less formal)/Even so
(less formal), he went out for a walk.
He had a sprained ankle/He had sprained his ankle/His
ankle was sprained. He went out for a walk, though
(informal)/however/ nevertheless/all the same/nonetheless.

a It was snowing heavily, but they went on climbing. (despite)
b He is very poor, but he is happy. (although)
c Despite being caught drivingdangerously, he was not fined.
(all the same)
d The sea was very rough. Still, they went sailing. (in spite of)
e I know you don’t love me; but, even so, I’ll marry you.
(even though)

2 Examples: (making contrasts)
However4 hard/No matter how hard (more formal) you try, you
will never be able to do it.
Even though/Even if you try hard, you will never be able to
doit.
It does not matter how hard you try, you will never be able
to do it.
Although you try hard, you will never be able to do it.
Much (adverb) as/though I loved him, I had to leave him.
Although I loved him a lot, I had to leave him.
Angry (adjective) as/though I was, I did not tell them
anything.
Although I was angry, I did not tell them anything.
Some peoplewho are not happy with what they possess firmly
believe in the American dream, as it evokes the things they
would like to have. Despite this, it is just a dream.
Some people who are not happy with what they possess firmly
believe in the American dream, as it evokes the things they
would like to have. For all that, it is just a dream.

a Although she was terrible ill, she didnot stay in bed.
(ill though)
b It does not matter how much money you give him, he will not
accept. (even though)
c Although it is fast, I won’t buy it. (fast as)
d Despite my admiration for him, I recognise that he is
a bit selfish. (much as)
e Everyone is worried about the scandal; but, in spite of
all its implications, I think it’ll do us some good. (for all)

3Examples: (adding)
I don’t feel like dancing, and I’m also very exhausted.
I don’t feel like dancing. Also, I’m very exhausted.
I don’t feel like dancing. Besides5, I’m very exhausted.
I don’t feel like dancing. In addition, I’m very exhausted.
I don’t feel like dancing, and what’s more I’m very
exhausted. (informal)
She works at the bank around the corner. Besides, she doesthe household chores.
In addition to working at the bank around the corner, she
does the household chores.
They not only fined him, but also withdrew his driving licence.
They fined him and, on top of that, they withdrew his
driving licence.
In addition to being fined, his driving licence was withdrawn.
We must bear in mind both the costs and the benefits (that) wecan obtain from them.
On the one hand, we must bear in mind the costs. On the other
(hand), the benefits we can obtain from them.
We must bear in mind the costs. On the other hand, the
benefits we can obtain from them.

a The layman will not understand these instructions, and some
experts might also find some difficulties interpreting them.
(moreover)
b These...
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