All Scales And Arpeggios
Preface Chapter 1. The Basics Chapter 2. Church Modes Chapter 3. Song Writing Chapter 4. Approaches Chapter 5. Major Chord and Arpeggios Chapter 6. Minor Chords and Arpeggios Chapter 7. Dominant Chords and Arpeggios Chapter 8. Altered Chords and Arpeggios Chapter 9. Common Scales Chapter 10. Exotic Scales
Chapter 1 Lesson 1 -The Basics Guitar Notes The diagram below shows the names of the NOTES, on the guitar fretboard. These notes are permanent and you must memorize them over the entire fretboard. Remember, the notes repeat, every twelfth fret.
This is the guitar fretboard showing all the notes including sharps.
The "#" (sharp) symbol means to raise a note a half step (one fret). There is only a half stepseparating the E and F notes and a half step separating the B and C notes. There is really no such note as an E# or a B# note. All the other notes have a whole step (two frets) of separation.
The notes in between the whole steps have the name of either a sharp(#) or a flat(b). The diagram above shows these notes as sharp(#). The diagram below shows the in between notes as flats(b).
This is theguitar fretboard showing all the notes including flats.
The "b" (flat) symbol means to lower a note a half step. There is only a half step separating the E and F notes and a half step separating the B and C notes. There is really no such note as an Fb a Cb note. All the other notes have a whole step (two frets) of separation.
An F# note is the same as a Gb note. The G# is the same as the Ab. TheA# is the same as the Bb. The C# is the same as the Db and the D# is the same as the Eb.
Chapter 1 - The Basics guitar lesson 2 STRING NAMES In the diagram below, there is an illustration of a guitar fretboard. All through this book there are similar such diagrams. This is one of the only diagrams that has the names of the strings included in it, so memorize the string names now. In allthe diagrams, the big "E" string is at the bottom of the fretboard diagram, the little "E" string is at the top.
The horizontal lines are the guitar strings.
The vertical lines are the guitar frets.
As you go through this book, notice that there are no fret markers or fret dots on most of the diagrams. This is because the diagrams are just a section of an imaginary, infinite length,fretboard. Chapter 1 - Guitar Basics guitar lesson 3 DEGREES The diagram below, shows an illustration of the infinite length guitar fretboard, with the numbers 1 through 7 on it. Notice that the numbers count from 1 to 7 and then repeat.
This is the entire major scale for guitar.
The number 1 is the FIRST DEGREE or ROOT. The number 2 is the SECOND DEGREE. Number three is the third degreeand so on.
Notice that the distance between the first and second degree is two frets or a whole step, same with second and third degree. The distance between the third and fourth degree however, is only one guitar fret or a half step.
The distance, between the degrees, determines the name of the guitar scale. The name of the above diagram is the MAJOR scale, because of the half step betweenthe third and fourth degrees and the half step between the seventh and first degrees. If the half steps were in any other position on the guitar, the scale would not remain major.
Chapter 1 - The Basics guitar lesson 4 MAJOR SCALE The diagram below places the number pattern, of the entire major scale (in black), with the set notes, of the guitar fretboard (in red). As a result the entire majorscale, is now in the key of "E" major. This is because the first degree of the major scale, is on the "E" note, If the major scale started on any other note, the key would become the name of the note that first degree is on.
The numbers indicate the entire movable major scale pattern. The letters indicate the permanent note-names of the frets. The placement of the entire major scale starts on...