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Peru - The Maritime Region

A maritime region constitutes a fourth significant environment within the Peruvian domain. The waters off the Peruvian coast are swept by the Humboldt (or Peruvian)Current that rises in the frigid Antarctic and runs strongly northward, cooling the arid South American coastline before curving into the central Pacific near the Peru-Ecuador border. Vast shoals ofanchovy, tuna, and several varieties of other valued fish are carried in this stream, making it one of the world's richest commercial fisheries. The importance of guano has diminished since the rise of theanchovy fishing industry. The billions of anchovy trapped by modern flotillas of purse seiners guided by spotter planes and electronic sounding devices are turned into fish meal for fertilizer andnumerous other industrial uses. Exports of fish meal and fish products are of critical importance for Peru's economy. For this reason, changes in the environmental patterns on the coast or in theadjacent ocean have devastating consequences for employment and, therefore, national stability. The periodic advent of a warm current flowing south, known as El Niño (The Christ-child), and intensivefishing that has temporarily depleted the seemingly boundless stocks of anchovy have caused major difficulties for Peru.
Perú - La Región Marítima
Una región marítima constituye un entorno dentro deldominio peruano. Las aguas de la costa peruana son arrastrados por la corriente de Humboldt , que se levanta en el frío antártico y se presenta fuertemente hacia el norte, de enfriar la árida costa deAmérica del Sur antes de curvar en el Pacífico central, cerca de la frontera Perú-Ecuador. Grandes cardúmenes de anchoveta, el atún y diversas variedades de pescado valorados se realizan en estacorriente, por lo que es una de las más ricas pesquerías comerciales del mundo. Los miles de millones de anchoas atrapadas por flotillas de modernos cerqueros guiados por estos aviones y dispositivos...
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