Fmea

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First Edition Issued February, 1993 • Second Edition, February, 1995 • Third Edition, July, 2001 Copyright © 1993, © 1995, © 2001 DaimlerChrysler Corporation, Ford Motor Company, General Motors Corporation

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The content of this document is the technical equivalent of SAE J-1739. Potential Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA)should be used by suppliers to companies subscribing to QS-9000 or equivalent document.

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REFERENCE MANUAL
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POTENTIAL FAILURE MODE AND EFFECTS ANALYSIS (FMEA)

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FOREWORD 1st and 2nd Edition
This reference Manual andReporting Format was developed by the Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) teams at Chrysler, Ford and General Motors, working under the auspices of the Automotive Division of the American Society for Quality Control (ASQC) and the Automotive Industry Action Group (AIAG). The ASQC/AIAG Task Force charter is to standardize the reference manuals, procedures, reporting formats and technicalnomenclature used by Chrysler, Ford, and General Motors in their respective supplier quality systems. Accordingly, this manual and format, which is approved and endorsed by Chrysler, Ford and General Motors, should be used by suppliers implementing FMEA techniques into their design/ manufacturing processes. In the past, Chrysler, Ford and General Motors each had their own guidelines and formats forinsuring supplier FMEA compliance. Differences between these guidelines and formats resulted in additional demands on supplier resources. To improve upon this situation, Chrysler, Ford and General Motors agreed to develop, and, through AIAG, distribute this Manual. The work group responsible for the Manual was led be George Baumgartner of Ford Motor Company. This Manual provides general guidelines forpreparing an FMEA. It does not give specific instructions on how to arrive at each FMEA entry, a task best left to each FMEA team. This Manual also is not intended to be a comprehensive FMEA reference source or training document. While these guidelines are intended to cover all situation normally occurring either in the design phase or process analysis, there will be questions that arise. Thesequestions should be directed to your customer's Supplier Quality Assurance (SQA) activity. If you are uncertain as to how to contact the appropriate SQA activity, the buyer in your customer's Purchasing office can help. The Task Force gratefully acknowledges: the leadership and commitment of Vice Presidents Thomas T. Stallkamp at Chrysler, Norman F. Ehlers at Ford, and J. Ignasio Lopez de Arriortua ofGeneral Motors; the assistance of the AIAG in the development, production, and distribution of the Procedure; the guidance of Task Force principals Russ Jacobs (Chrysler), Steve Walsh (Ford), Dan Reid (General Motors), and Rad Smith; and the assistance of the ASQC Automotive Division Reading Team. This team, led by Tripp Martin (Peterson Spring), reviewed the Manual for technical content andaccuracy and made valuable contributions to form and content. Since the Manual was developed to meet specific needs of the automotive industry, the ASQC voluntary standards process defined by ASQC policies and procedures was not used in its development.

Additional copies can be ordered from AIAG and/or permission to copy portions of this Procedure for use within supplier organizations should beobtained from AIAG at 248-358-3003.

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FOREWORD 3rd Edition
The FMEA 3rd Edition (QS-9000) is a reference manual to be used by suppliers to DaimlerChrysler,...
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