Glosario de terminos textiles

Páginas: 91 (22515 palabras) Publicado: 18 de febrero de 2012

Celanese Acetate is the world's largest acetate producer.

©2001, Celanese Acetate LLC

To the best of our knowledge, the information contained herein is accurate. However, neither Celanese Acetate LLC nor any of its divisions or affiliates can accept liability of any kind for the accuracy or completeness thereof. Final determination of the suitability of any information or materialfor the use contemplated, or its manner of use, and whether the suggested use infringes any patents is the sole responsibility of the user.

©2001. Copyright

Celanese Acetate LLC. All Rights Reserved.

Information about this book can be obtained from your Celanese Acetate sales or technical service representative or by contacting:

Celanese Acetate Three Park Avenue NewYork, NY 10016 phone: 212-251-8050 fax: 212-251-8037


Celanese Acetate 2300 Archdale Drive Charlotte, NC 28210 phone: 704-554-3843 fax: 704-554-3851

©2001, Celanese Acetate LLC

Foreword ______________________________________________________
This Complete Textile Glossary is intended to be a convenient reference for textile terminology. Although it covers all types of textile termsbroadly, its special emphasis is on manufactured fibers - what they are, how they are made, and how they are used. The first two editions of this dictionary were published under the title Man-Made Fiber and Textile Dictionary by the former Celanese Corporation to provide a source for employees. A third edition of the dictionary, with expanded listings and illustrations, was offered in response tonumerous requests from customers and others in the textile industry for an up-to-date glossary of terms encountered in the manufactured fiber and textile trades. The fourth edition, known as the Dictionary of Fiber and Textile Technology, was produced by Hoechst Celanese Corporation, and included updated coverage of then-recent developments in fiber and textile technology. This current edition hasbeen further updated and expanded to cover recent developments in fiberforming polymers, new commercially manufactured fibers, textile equipment advances, and new applications for textile materials such as geotextiles and advanced composites. New diagrams have been added to illustrate these developments. We have attempted to convey as much basic information as is possible without making the bookcumbersome. As in previous editions, generic terms such as dyeing and knitting are handled comprehensively with specific terms presented under one heading. The more widely used manufactured fibers are listed by their Federal Trade Commission generic names and definitions, in most cases followed by a brief description of their manufacture, characteristics, and applications. In the Appendix areabbreviations, equivalent weights and measures, and various conversion tables and formulas needed by the textile technologist. We hope that this dictionary will help to familiarize you with the language of textiles. Only through you, can we determine its value, and we invite your comments.

©2001, Celanese Acetate LLC

ABNORMAL CRIMP: A relative term for crimp that is either too low or too high infrequency and/or amplitude or that has been put into the fiber with improper angular characteristics. ABRADED YARN: A filament yarn in which filaments have been cut or broken to create hairiness (fibrillation) to simulate the surface character of spun yarns. Abraded yarns are usually plied or twisted with other yarns before use. ABRASION MARK: An area where a fabric has been damaged by friction.ABRASION RESISTANCE: The ability of a fiber or fabric to withstand surface wear and rubbing. ABSORBANCE: The ability of a substance to transform radiant energy into a different form, usually with a resulting rise in temperature. Mathematically, absorbance is the negative logarithm to the base 10 of transmittance. ABSORBENCY: The ability of one material to take up another material. ABSORPTION:...
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