The “Twelve Olympians”, in Greek mythology, were the principal gods of the Greek pantheon, residing at the top of Mount Olympus. There were, at various times, fourteen different gods recognized asOlympians, though never more than twelve at one time. Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Ares, Hermes, Hephaestus, Aphrodite, Athena, Apollo, and Artemis are always considered Olympians. Hestia, Demeter, Dionysus,and Hades are the variable gods among the Twelve. Hestia gave up her position as an Olympian to Dionysus in order to live among mankind (eventually she was assigned the role of tending the fire onMount Olympus). Persephone spent six months of the year in the underworld (causing winter), and was allowed to return to Mount Olympus for the other six months in order to be with her mother, Demeter.And, although Hades was always one of the principal Greek gods, his home in the underworld of the dead made his connection to the Olympians more tenuous. The Olympians gained their supremacy in the worldof gods after Zeus led his siblings to victory in war with the Titans; Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Demeter, Hestia, and Hades were siblings; all other Olympians (with the exception of foam-born Aphrodite)are usually considered the children of Zeus by various mothers, except for Athena, who in some versions of the myth was born of Zeus alone. Additionally, some versions of the myth state thatHephaestus was born of Hera alone as Hera's revenge for Zeus' solo birth of Athena.
THE PRINCIPAL GODS FAMILY TREE
Cronus ,Rhea,coeus,Phoebe,Oceanus and Thethys were the sons and daughters of Uranus and Gaea.
Hestia,Hades,Poseidon,Zeus;Demeter and Hea were the sons of Cronus and Rhea.
Leto was the son of Coeus and Phoebe.
Iapetus of Oceanus and Thethys.
Athena of Zeus and Hera.
Persephone ofDemeter and Zeus.
Apollo and Artemis of Leto and Zeus.
Atlas , Prometheus and Epimetheus were the sons of Iapethus.
Aris , Hebe and Hephaestus were the sonso f Zeus and Hera.
Maia was daughter of...
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