At her death in 1695 Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz left a remarkable body of writing-religious, courtly, and popular poems in a wide variety of verse forms; intellectual treatises; religious and secular plays; a long epistemological poem; “Primero Sueño”; and an autobiographical essay, the “Respuesta a Sor Filotea”, wich, to date,remains the most reliable literary potrait we have of this woman of genius.
What we know of Sor Juana merely awakens our appetite for further information. We are unsure of date of her birth. We do not know wheter she ever knew her father. We know approximately when she was sent to Mexico City to live with her mother’s sister, but not why. We can approxiamte the dates of her life in court under theprotection and patronage of the Marqués and Marquesa de Mancera, but we know nothing of the everyday details of those years. We can only speculate as to why at the heigt of her popularity and the full flush of her beauty she left the court to enter tne convent. In addition to the guesses we can make from her writing, and beisdes the autobioraphical “Respuesta”, and the nearly contemporary biographywritten by Father Diego Callejas, we have only a handful of birth, death, and marriage records relating to her family, and a few papers concedrning Sor Juana’s entrance into and subsequent professiomns of faith in firts the Carmelite Order, and then the convent of Saint Jerome, where she died.
1. According to the text, biographical material on sor Juana is
a) accurate in its general contentb) abundant in cronological information
c) distorted for the study of her work
d) insufficient for understanding her life
2. The reasons Sor Juana entered the convent are
3. When the author says “the most reliable literary portrait”, the means that
a) the information is true
b) the datails are perfect
c) the details are correct
d) theinformation is trustful
Las preguntas 4 a 6 se contestan en base al siguiente texto
It was reported that the number of deaths caused by railways
in one year was 4,712. That sounds like a good argument for
staying off trains, perhaps for keeping to your cars instead.
But when you look at the figure more closely, you learn that
it means something quite different. Nearly halfthe victims
were people whose cars crashed with trains at crossing. Only
one hundred and thirty-two were passengers on trains. And,
even that figures is worth little for the purposes of
comparison unless you also have information on total passenger
4. A great number of people were reported to have died in railway accidents; however,
a) driving trains isdangerous
b) not all of them crashed at crossing
c) most of them were not passangers on trains
d) this information should be based on total pasenger miles
5. The main idea in the text is that
a) car drivers fear trains
b) trains are safer tha cars
c) train passengers often die at crossings
d) cars are rarely mentioned in statistics
6. The word “it”, underlined in line 5, refers to
b) looking closely
c) a good argument
d) keeping to one’s car
7. Mary’s crying. You _________ not ____________ her like that.
a) may / punished
b) may / have punished
c) should / punished
d) should / have punished
8. I could have __________ faster if I ________ the other shoes.
a) ran / had worn
b) ran / would wear
c) run / had worn
d) run / would wear
9. Never trustBarbara; she told everybody what she had _________ about Jane.
10. All the car’s ___________ were modernized for the new model.
11. I bought Shakespeare?s complete works __________ a special collection of elizabeth than theatre.