The Island of Hawaii, also called the Big Island or Hawaii Island (pronounced /həwaɪ.i/in English and [həwɐiʔi] or [həvɐiʔi] in Hawaiian), is a volcanic island (the eastern-most andsouthern-most in the Hawaiian islands chain) in the North Pacific Ocean. With an area of 4,028 square miles (10,432 km²), it is larger than all of the other Hawaiian Islands combined and is the largest islandin the United States. The Island of Hawaii is administered as theCounty of Hawaii within the state of Hawaii. The county seat is Hilo. Traditionally, Hawaii is known as the Big Island to reduceconfusion between Hawaii Island and the state.
In English; Hawaiian: Mokuāina o Hawaii) is the newest of the 50 U.S. states (August 21, 1959), and is the only state made up entirely of islands. Itoccupies most of an archipelago in the central Pacific Ocean, southwest of the continental United States, southeast of Japan, and northeast ofAustralia. Hawaii’s natural beauty, warm tropical climate,inviting waters and waves, and active volcanoes make it a popular destination for tourists, surfers, biologists, and volcanologists alike. Due to its mid-Pacific location, Hawaii has many North Americanand Asian influences along with a vibrant native culture. Hawaii has over a million permanent residents along with many visitors and U.S. military personne. Its capital is Honolulu on the island ofOahu.
He state encompasses nearly the entire volcanic Hawaiian Island chain, which comprises hundreds of islands spread over 1,500 miles (2,400 km). At the southeastern end of the archipelago, the eightmain islands are (from the northwest to southeast)Niihau, Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Lānai, Kahoolawe, Maui, and Hawaii. The last is by far the largest and is often called The Big Island to avoidconfusion with the state as a whole. The archipelago is physiographically and ethnologically part of the Polynesiansubregion of Oceania.
In standard American English, Hawaii is generally pronounced. In...