Miguel Gregorio Antonio Ignacio Hidalgo y Costilla Gallaga send Villaseñor2 3 (Hacienda de Corralejo near Penjamo, Guanajuato today, May 8, 1753 - † Chihuahua,Chihuahua, July 30, 1811) was a military priest and noted in the first stage War of Independence of Mexico, which began with an act known in Mexican historiography as Grito de Dolores. He led the first partof the independence movement, but after a series of defeats was captured on March 21, 1811 and taken prisoner to the city of Chihuahua, where he was tried and executed on July 30.
In June 1765,Miguel Hidalgo and his brother Jose Joaquin went to study at the Colegio de San Nicolás Obispo, 4 located in Valladolid, capital of the province of Michoacan.The school was founded in 1547 by Antonio deMendoza and Pacheco, first viceroy of New Spain, who gave the university and the building that housed members of the Society of Jesus, who instituted chairs of Latin, law and priestly studies. It wasin this house where the brothers studied up to 1767.5 Hidalgo
On June 25, 1767 the Jesuits were expelled from the territories of the Spanish Empire on the orders of King Carlos III of Spain and hisminister, the Count of Floridablanca.The school was closed a few months and in December resumed clases.6
In this institution, Hidalgo studied Latin letters, read classical authors like Cicero andOvid, and others like St. Jerome and Virgil. At seventeen years of age and was a teacher in philosophy and theology, so that among his friends and fellow students earned the nickname "El Zorro", by thetrickery that showed in intellectual games. He learned the French language and read Molière, author who years later represented at the conference that he organized theatrical being parish priest ofDolores. Thanks to the contact he had with his farm workers in its infancy, most of them indigenous, Hidalgo learned many of the indigenous languages spoken in New Spain, mainly Otomi, Nahuatl and...