History of marroco

Solo disponible en BuenasTareas
  • Páginas : 10 (2367 palabras )
  • Descarga(s) : 7
  • Publicado : 7 de junio de 2010
Leer documento completo
Vista previa del texto
LOCATION AND LANGUAGES: Morocco is located in the northwestern Africa that has the advantage to have coasts on the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, it borders in the east with Algeria and in the south with Mauritania and Western Sahara. This country is separate from Europe by the Strait of Gibraltar; this strait connects the Atlantic Ocean with the Mediterranean Sea, separating thisstate from Spain by 14.24 km. Morocco also known as the kingdom of morocco is an Arab state, which means that is part of the Arabic-speaking countries situated in North Africa and western Asia. This Arab world has its own language and special characteristics that make them a particular group. Morocco as well as the other Arab states, shares the same Arabic language and Islam official religion. Butthe kingdom of Morocco also has 4 more languages in its country, first is the French used for commerce and economic issues. Second in the north coast is talk the Spanish (Spain influence), and the English is also spoken. At last is the Berber language, known as a very close dialect group from morocco and other countries of Africa such as Algeria, Tunisia and Libya; there are 42 millon peole thatstill spoke this dialect.
HISTORY: Staring with the historical location of Morocco, all its history is based on it. The advantages of having two coasts with different oceans make this country able of easy foreign invasions. Many foreign countries wanted to control this territory because of its geographic position. The first ones were the Roman Empire, next when it fell down the Byzantine Empiretook the control of the country. Later, the Berbers (an African ethnicity) started to manage Morocco, until VII century when the Islam appeared and impose its ideologies in the society. In the XVI century, the successive dynasties began to rule in Morocco with the Alauí dynasty. Then after the Napoleonic wars, Portugal, United Kingdom, then France and at last Spain, started to invade Morocco,till the total independence, the 7 of April/1956 from France and 2 of Mars/ 1956 from Spain. “In the year 2006, Moroccans celebrated their 50th year of independence from France. After gaining independence on March 2, 1956” (http://workmall.com/wfb2001/morocco/morocco_history.html )
RELIGION: In the territory of Morocco the official establish religion is the Islam. It has a very big influence inthe society and in the politics; which means that the actual king is the supreme Muslim authority in the country. “The 98,3% of the population of Morocco is Islamic, 0,6% are Christians, 1% are Jewish, 1,8% other religions”( http://www.arab.de/arabinfo/morocco.htm ). Ass shone before, the Christians didn’t have much influence in the country, as well as the Jewish that arrived there since theRoman times.
CULTURE: Morocco culture conserve much of what the invasions led in the society like the Berber dialect, the Spanish and French as important languages and the Islam culture. This country is a multi-ethnic culture with many beliefs taking into a count the paganism, Jewish and Christians and all the cultures that had an impact in the Moroccan structure. That’s why there is not only onekind of culture, each religion and belief has its own culture. But Morocco its most identify by being a Arab-Berber country “Berbers are also by language but also by traditional customs and culture - such as the distinctive music and dances. Berber language (Also called Tamazight) is now more or less officially recognized in Morocco” (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Culture_of_Morocco ). Theeducation of the country after the independence in 1956, declared that the education must be for everyone, a general access for new educational institutions. But still it is not that way “At this time, only 10% of children attended elementary schools (education primaire), and about 5% attended secondary school, and then only boys. The total number of university students was extremely low, only 350.”...
tracking img