Infant caries

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INFANT CARIES

In this essay we have found three researches. They are related to the caries infant. The aim of this study was to determine the caries-related risk associated with human breast milk.

• The first research states breast milk is not cause of caries. It says:
One- and two-way ANOVAs of these five essays demonstrated that HBM did not cause a significant drop in plaque pH whencompared to rinsing with water; HBM supported moderate bacterial growth; calcium and phosphate were actually deposited onto enamel powder after incubation with HBM; the buffer capacity of HBM was very poor; and HBM alone did not cause enamel decalcification even after 12 weeks exposure. However, when supplemented with 10% sucrose, HBM caused dentinal caries in 3 weeks.
CONCLUSION: It is concludedthat human breast milk is not cariogenic.

• Other research agrees with the first one and assures breast milk isn’t cause of caries. It says:
According to the milk League International (LLLI), "usually finds that breastfeeding is the cause of tooth decay, because it makes no distinction between the different compositions of breast milk and artificial, and between the different mechanisms takeit. When breast, the nipple stands at the end of the oral cavity, preventing milk falls around the teeth, unlike when suction a teat. We have only to consider the overwhelming majority of breastfed children with healthy teeth to know that there must be other factors involved. "
Kevin Hale, consultant paediatric dental American Academy of Paediatrics says that "most dentists and nursing mothers notget along very well because dentists not just think of scientific studies showing that breast-feeding does not contribute to the decay. " While human milk does not cause tooth decay, some studies have shown that it can contribute to development in that small percentage of children who are in a risk area (for hereditary reasons, for example).
According to the Academy of Medicine, Lactation "wouldbe evolutionarily suicide breast milk causes cavities because natural selection would have eliminated the most serious cases. There are 4,650 species of mammals, and all of them breastfeed their offspring. The human race is the only one with any serious decay”
The milk League insists that "a small percentage of children breastfed develops cavities despite mother's milk, no fault of their own",adding "when it raises weaning, it should take into account the many benefits of milk maternal face of artificial milk, which should respect the decision of the mother. Rather than propose a weaning because of the cavity, the dentist should thoroughly investigate the cause of the problem

• On the other hand, last research affirms breast milk is cause of caries. It says:
Empiric evidence does notsupport a causal association between breastfeeding and infant caries. Breastmilk alone, including the lactose in it, does not cause tooth decay. Infants who are exclusively breastfed, however, are not immune to decay as a number of other factors may influence the infant’s risk of caries.
Breastfeeding is critical to the total health and well being of all mammals – both young and old alikethroughout the life span. Breastmilk has many proven benefits. Recent studies have documented additional oral and dental benefits including reduced risk of malocclusion, collapsed facial forms, snoring and obstructive sleep apnea.12,20 It is clear that medical and dental communities should begin to educate health insurers and the public about the importance and efficacy of breastfeeding.Breastfeeding truly is the best and cheapest form of health “insurance.”

In conclusion, this issue isn’t solved because researches are contradicted. Some authors affirm breast milk is cause of caries and other authors affirm breast milk isn’t cause of caries.

Investigations

Investigation of the role of human breast milk in caries development.

Erickson PR, Mazhari E.
Division of Pediatric...
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