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England

England is an island country situated in North-West Europe, on the island of 'Great Britain'. Great Britain consists of 3 countries - England, Scotland, and Wales. Covering two-thirds of Great Britain, England is the largest country on the island: its total area is 130,422 square kilometers or 50,356 square miles.

It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Walesto the west; the Irish Sea is to the north west, the Celtic Sea to the south west and the North Sea to the east, with the English Channel to the south separating it from continental Europe. Most of England comprises the central and southern part of the island of Great Britain in the North Atlantic. The country also includes over 100 smaller islands such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.The official language is English but Welsh and Gaelic are also spoken.

Geography

England can be divided into two major regions. They are called highland zone and the lowland zone. The highland zone contains rugged hills, mountains, and eroded (worn away) areas continuously broken by valleys and plain. The parts of England in the highland zone are the Pennine Chain ofmountains, extending down into northern England and in southwestern peninsula. It is a huge upland area, extending 160 miles north to south, starting at Cheviot Hills on England’s border with Scotland, and ending up in the Midlands of center England. It is made up of several broad, rolling, windswept moorlands separated by deep river valleys. To the west of the northern Pennines are the CumbrianMountains, a huge area full with ancient rocks worn away by glaciers. The Lake District region has mountains and lakes in northwestern England.

The lowlands consist of green rolling hills and have more fertile soil than the highlands, which hardly has any fertile soil. Most of this region has low hills that barely reach 1,000 ft above sea level. Most of England’s population lives in this region.Climate

England has a maritime climate that can be summed up in two words: mild and varied. The biggest influence on the climate of England comes from the proximity to the Atlantic Ocean.The weather is damp relatively frequently and is subject to change. One minute it can be gorgeous sunshine, the next it can be cloudy, cold and raining. The north is the coldest area; London, thesouth-east and the West Country are the warmest. Rainfall is greatest in hilly areas and in the West Country.

The coldest months are January and February, the latter particularly on the English coast, while July is normally the warmest month. Months with mild to warm weather with least rainfall are May, June, September and October.

Population

With over 51 million inhabitants, England isthe most populous country of the United Kingdom. Most of England's population lives in or around its major cities such as London. London is the most populous city in the European Union with over 7 million residents, and is home to around 12% of the UK population.

England is also one of the most densely populated countries in the world. Immigrants have been turning to England for centuries,and nowadays many different races and cultures reside in England as an ongoing result of the country’s colonial history, geographic position, and economic strength. This continuous influx of other nationalities has made England tolerant towards other cultures and open to foreign influence.

Culture

Culture of England is rich and varied and has been influenced by the cultures of Europe andUK. This culture is affected by many aspects; the most important include Art, Cuisines, Folklore, History, Sports, Literature, Religion and Music.

English art is often considered to be typified by landscape painting and portraitist; nowadays it has developed different movements such as ‘Brit Art’, which includes a variety of forms: photography, painting, sculpture and performance art....
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