A Theory for Everyone
Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences makes people think about "IQ," about being "smart." The theory is changing the way some teachersteach.
WHO IS HOWARD GARDNER?
Howard Gardner, Ph.D. is a professor at Harvard University and the author of many books and articles. His theory of multiple intelligences has challenged long-heldassumptions about intelligence -- especially about a single measure of intelligence. Dr. Gardner also co-directs Harvard's Project Zero.
THE ORIGINAL SEVEN INTELLIGENCES
Howard Gardner first identifiedand introduced to us seven different kinds of intelligence in Frames of Mind.
* Linguistic: intelligence: a sensitivity to the meaning and order of words.
* Logical-mathematical:intelligence: ability in mathematics and other complex logical systems.
* Musical: intelligence: the ability to understand and create music. Musicians, composers and dancers show a heightened musicalintelligence.
* Spatial: intelligence: the ability to "think in pictures," to perceive the visual world accurately, and recreate (or alter) it in the mind or on paper. Spatial intelligence is highlydeveloped in artists, architects, designers and sculptors.
* Bodily-kinesthetic: intelligence: the ability to use one's body in a skilled way, for self-expression or toward a goal. Mimes, dancers,basketball players, and actors are among those who display bodily-kinesthetic intelligence.
* Interpersonal: intelligence: an ability to perceive and understand other individuals -- their moods,desires, and motivations. Political and religious leaders, skilled parents and teachers, and therapists use this intelligence.
* Intrapersonal intelligence: an understanding of one's ownemotions. Some novelists and or counselors use their own experience to guide others.
Then, Gardner identified an eighth intelligence, the naturalist intelligence.
HOWARD GARDNER TALKS ABOUT AN EIGHTH...