Invasive plants

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Invasive Plants: Ecological and Agricultural Aspects
Edited by Inderjit

Birkhäuser Verlag Basel • Boston • Berlin

Editor: Inderjit Professor, Centre for Environmental Management of Degraded Ecosystems (CEMDE) School of Environmental Studies University of Delhi Delhi 110007 India

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Invasive plants : ecological and agricultural aspects /edited by Inderjit ; foreword by James A. Drake. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references. ISBN-13: 978-3-7643-7137-1 (alk. paper) ISBN-10: 3-7643-7137-4 (alk. paper) 1. Invasive plants. 2. Invasive plants--Ecology. 3. Invasive plants--Control. I. Inderjit, 1963 SB613.5.I56 2005 581.6’2--dc22 2005041178

Bibliographic information published by Die Deutsche Bibliothek Die Deutsche Bibliotheklists this publication in the Deutsche Nationalbibliografie; detailed bibliographic data is available in the Internet at .

ISBN-10: 3-7643-7137-4 Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel – Boston – Berlin ISBN-13: 978-3-7643-7137-1
The publisher and editor can give no guarantee for the information on drug dosage and administration contained in this publication. The respective user must check its accuracy byconsulting other sources of reference in each individual case. The use of registered names, trademarks etc. in this publication, even if not identified as such, does not imply that they are exempt from the relevant protective laws and regulations or free for general use. This work is subject to copyright. All rights are reserved, whether the whole or part of the material is concerned, specificallythe rights of translation, reprinting, re-use of illustrations, recitation, broadcasting, reproduction on microfilms or in other ways, and storage in data banks. For any kind of use, permission of the copyright owner must be obtained. © 2005 Birkhäuser Verlag, P.O. Box 133, CH-4010 Basel, Switzerland Part of Springer Science+Business Media Printed on acid-free paper produced from chlorine-free pulp.TCF °° Cover design: Micha Lotrovsky, CH-4106 Therwil, Switzerland Cover illustrations: Above: A field of cultivated wheat infested with P. minor (see p. 177); Right: Labour carrying P. minor after manual weeding (see p. 177); Below: A cultivated field showing unharvested rice straw both unburned and burned (see p. 185) Printed in Germany ISBN-10: 3-7643-7137-4 ISBN-13: 978-3-7643-7137-1987654321 www.birkhauser.ch

Invasive Species (S. D. County) When I was young, these hills were grey and sere; So few attractive bushes flourished here But now wild mustard, blooming in the spring, Provides a blaze of golden carpeting. While in this valley, where was once a gleam Of water, flowing in a wooden stream, A vast, extending area is filled With houses that we, new arrivals, build. Wherechapparal and streamlet once had been, Invasive species dominate the scene.

Source: Mecking S, van Dunne F (2003) Blue-green; a collection of poems by Ralph Lewin. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands. Reproduced with permission from Professor Ralph Lewin, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA.

VII

Contents
List of contributorsPreface ...................................... IX XI

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Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . XIII From the editor ......................................... XV

About the symposium

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Robert I. Colautti Insearch of an operational lexicon for biological invasions

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1

Section 1: Ecological aspects Inderjit, Marc W. Cadotte and Robert I. Colautti The ecology of biological invasions: past, present and future . . . . . . . Matthew C. Fitzpatrick and Jake F. Weltzin Ecological niche models and the geography of biological invasions: a review and a novel application . . . . . . . . . . ....
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