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Taken from Guide to Grammar and Writing
Pre-Intermediate English Language

Definition: Adjectives are words that describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence. The Articles — a, an, and the — are adjectives.
• the tall professor
• the lugubrious lieutenant
• a solidcommitment
• a month's pay
• a six-year-old child
• the unhappiest, richest man
If a group of words containing a subject and verb acts as an adjective, it is called an Adjective Clause. My sister, who is much older than I am, is an engineer. If an adjective clause is stripped of its subject and verb, the resulting modifier becomes an Adjective Phrase: He is the manwho is keeping my family in the poorhouse.
Position of Adjectives: Unlike Adverbs, which often seem capable of popping up almost anywhere in a sentence, adjectives nearly always appear immediately before the noun or noun phrase that they modify. Sometimes they appear in a string of adjectives, and when they do, they appear in a set order according to category. (See Below.) When indefinitepronouns — such as something, someone, anybody — are modified by an adjective, the adjective comes after the pronoun:
Anyone capable of doing something horrible to someone nice should be punished.
Something wicked this way comes.
And there are certain adjectives that, in combination with certain words, are always "postpositive" (coming after the thing they modify):
The president elect, heirapparent to the Glitzy fortune, lives in New York proper.

Degrees of Adjectives :

|Positive |Comparative |Superlative |
|rich |richer |richest |
|lovely |lovelier |loveliest |
|beautiful |more beautiful |most beautiful |Certain adjectives have irregular forms in the comparative and superlative degrees
|Irregular Comparative and Superlative Forms |
|good |better |best |
|bad |worse |worst |
|little |less |least ||much |more |most |
|many | | |
|some | | |
|far |further |furthest |

Be careful not to form comparatives or superlatives of adjectives which alreadyexpress an extreme of comparison — unique, for instance — although it probably is possible to form comparative forms of most adjectives: something can be more perfect, and someone can have a fuller figure. People who argue that one woman cannot be more pregnant than another have never been nine-months pregnant with twins
According to Bryan Garner, "complete" is one of those adjectives that doesnot admit of comparative degrees. We could say, however, "more nearly complete." I am sure that I have not been consistent in my application of this principle in the Guide (I can hear myself, now, saying something like "less adequate" or "more preferable" or "less fatal"). Other adjectives that Garner would include in this list are as follows:
|         absolute |         impossible|         principal |
|         adequate |         inevitable |         stationary |
|         chief |         irrevocable |         sufficient |
|         complete |         main |         unanimous |
|         devoid |         manifest |         unavoidable |
|         entire |         minor...
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