Kimberley process

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June 24, 1998 - The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted a resolution, which prohibited, among other measures, the direct or indirect export of unofficial Angolan diamonds (those not accompanied by a Certificate of Origin issued by the Angolan Government). The Angolans showed no co-operation & as a result sanctions came into force on 1 July,1998.

October 3, 1999 - Global Witness led a group of four European NGOs in a new initiative called ‘Fatal Transactions’. The group comprised Global Witness (UK), Medico International (Germany), Netherlands Institute for Southern Africa (Netherlands) & Novib (part of OXFAM). The coalition published a press release entitled ‘Campaign launched to stop billion dollar diamond trade fromfunding conflict in Africa’. It was accompanied by a PR campaign aimed at selected journalists & jewelry retailers that used mock diamond rings in jewelry boxes with labels attached giving negative statistics about the diamond industry’s impact on the prospects of peace in Angola.

May 11-12, 2000 –- A forum was held in Kimberley to discuss the issues surrounding conflict diamonds. Thismeeting signified the start of the Kimberley Process (KP). July 5, 2000 - The UN Security Council voted to impose a world-wide ban on the purchase of rough diamonds from Sierra Leone. July 2000 - The World Federation of Diamond Bourses and the International Diamond Manufacturers Association met in Antwerp and passed a resolution creating the World Diamond Council (WDC). The resolution called for thenot-forprofit WDC to develop and implement a tracking system for the export and import of rough diamonds to prevent the exploitation of diamonds for illegal purposes. September 4-5, 2000 - A meeting of over 50 delegates from all the main diamond producing & importing countries, except Sierra Leone, DRC & India, was hosted by Namibia’s Ministry of Mines & Energy. The aim of the two days was tocomplete the drafting of a document outlining the working group’s proposals & also to draft a statement for publication by Ministers, both for ratification at a Ministerial meeting to st be held in Pretoria on 21 September. September 7, 2000 - The inaugural meeting of the World Diamond Council is

held in Tel Aviv, where it is agreed that the Council be mandated to develop further & implement acomprehensive plan to curtail the trade in conflict diamonds while minimizing impact on the legitimate diamond trade. September 19-21, 2000 - Governments, industry and NGOs finalized a document to be put forward at a forthcoming London Conference in preparation of a UN General Assembly Resolution (UNGAR) concerning ending the trade in conflict diamonds.

October 25-26, 2000 – An IntergovernmentalConference held in London (chaired by the UK Government) established a working document to be put forward for discussion at the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA). December 1, 2000 - The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) passed a draft resolution on conflict diamonds, which became the framework for the introduction of a global certification system and for nations to devise and implementnational legislation regarding diamond trading activities. 2001 February 13-16, 2001 - The first time the term ‘Kimberley Process’ was officially used. A meeting of the 38 governments of countries involved in the Kimberley Process took place in Windhoek, Namibia. February 20, 2001 - The Israeli diamond banks issued a notice to their clients warning them of the conflict diamond issue, urging them tocomply with UN resolutions. They advised their clients not to deal in conflict goods. April 25-27, 2001 - The Kimberley Process inter-governmental group met in Brussels, Belgium to further the process of the global certification system. May 7, 2001 - UN Security Council Resolution 1343 re Liberia automatically took effect in the absence of evidence that Monrovia had stopped supporting armed...
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