Lord 8 Deer "Jaguar Claw" and the Land of the Sky: The Archaeology and History of Tututepec Author(s): Arthur A. Joyce, Andrew G. Workinger, Byron Hamann, Peter Kroefges, Maxine Oland, Stacie M. King Source: Latin American Antiquity, Vol. 15, No. 3 (Sep., 2004), pp. 273-297 Published by: Society for American Archaeology Stable URL:http://www.jstor.org/stable/4141575 Accessed: 11/03/2010 15:26
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LORD 8 DEER "JAGUAR CLAW"AND THE LAND OF THE SKY: THE ARCHAEOLOGY AND HISTORY OF TUTUTEPEC
ArthurA. Joyce, Andrew G Workinger, Byron Hamann,Peter Kroefges, Maxine Oland, and Stacie M. King
This article balances currentunderstandingsof the political landscape of Postclassic Mesoamericathrougha conjunctive analysis of the archaeology and ethnohistoryof the Mixtec Empire of Tututepecin the lower Rio Verderegion of Oaxaca. Tututepechas long been knownfrom ethnohistoric sources as a powerful Late Postclassic imperial center. Until recently, however, little has been known of the archaeology of the site. Wediscuss thefounding, extent, chronology, and aspects of the internalorganization and external relations of Tututepecbased on the results of a regional survey, excavations, and a reanalysis of ethnohistoricdocuments.Tututepecwasfounded early in the Late Postclassic period when the region was vulnerable to conquest due to political fragmentation and unrest. Indigenous historical data from three Mixtec codices narrate thefounding of Tututepecas part of the heroic history ofLord 8 Deer "JaguarClaw."According to these texts, Lord 8 Deer founded Tututepecthrougha creative combinationof traditionalMixtecfoundation rites and a strategic alliance with a highlandgroup linked to the Tolteca-Chichimeca. Archaeological and ethnohistoricevidence indicate that Tututepeccontinued to expand throughthe Late Postclassic, growing to 21.85 km2,and at its peak was the capital of anempire extending over 25,000 km2. Este articuloforma un balance de los entendimientosactuales sobre el paisaje politico del Postcldsico en por Mesoamdrica ha medio de un andlisis conjuntivode la arqueologiay etnohistoriadel imperioMixtecade Tututepec, Oaxaca. Tututepec sido conocido desde tiempoatrdsporfuentes etnohistdricascomo la capital de un centro imperialpoderoso del Postcldsicotardio. Sinembargo,hasta recientemente, poco se ha sabido de la arqueologia del sitio siendo su localizacidn misma un asunto de debate.Discutimos los origenes, extensi6n,cronologia,y aspectos de la organizacidninternay relaciones externasde Tututepec basadas en los resultadosde un recorridoregional, excavaciones, y un reandlisisde documentosetnohist6ricos.Tututeen cuandola regidnhabia sido vulnerablea la...