JOVANI VITAL SÁNCHEZ
HISTORY OF PETRÓLEOS MEXICANOS
1901:Ezequiel Ordonez Mexican engineer discovers an oil field called The Fish, located at Camp San Luis The Ebony Potosí.En that same year, President Porfirio Diaz issued the Petroleum Law is accomplished withwhich to promote the oil industry, providing ample facilities to foreign investors.
1912: The fall of Porfirio Diaz, the revolutionary government of President Francisco I. Madero issued on 3 Juneof that year a decree to establish a special tax stamp taxes on oil production and then ordered a search of the companies operating in the country, which controlled 95 percent business.
1915:Later, Venustiano Carranza established the Technical Committee of Petroleum.
1917: The Constitution of the United Mexican States determines the direct control of the nation above all subsoilresources.
1918: Carranza's government imposed a tax on oil fields and contracts to exercise control of industry and retrieve on something so alienated by Porfirio Diaz, a fact which led the protest andresistance of foreign companies.
With the oil boom, companies took over the land with oil. Therefore, the Carranza government ordered that all oil companies and the people who were devoted to oilexploration and exploitation should be recorded in the Ministry of Public Works.
1920: In Mexico there are 80 companies producing oil and 17 exporters, whose capital was built on a 91.5% AngloAmerican.
1921: The second decade of the century was a time of feverish oil, which was an upward trend to reach an oil production of just over 193 million barrels, which placed Mexico as the second largestproducer, with the discovery of deposits ground of what is called the "Golden Strip", north of the State of Veracruz, which extended to the state of Tamaulipas.
One of the most spectacular holes in...