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© Chris Wiegand 2005
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ISBN 1 904048 44 7
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Thanks to Paul Duncan for providing unlimitededitorial guidance and enthusiasm. Further assistance came from Shannon Attaway, Mylene Bradfield, Louise Cooper, Julia Dance, Lisa DeBell,Alexis Durrant, Lizzie Frith, Maria Kilcoyne, Steve Lewis, Wade Major, Ion Mills, Luke Morris, Gary Naseby, Matt Price, Jill Reading, Jessica Simon, James Spackman and Claire Watts. Merci à tous!
Making Waves: An Introduction Birth of the Cool EtDieu Créa la Femme, Les Mistons, Ascenseur Pour L’Echafaud, Le Beau Serge, Les Amants, Les Cousins, Le Signe du Lion 9 31
Cannes ’59 56 Les Quatre Cents Coups, Hiroshima Mon Amour Guns, Girls and Gauloises A Bout de Soufﬂe,Tirez Sur le Pianiste Les Femmes Zazie Dans le Métro, Les Bonnes Femmes, Lola, Jules et Jim And Godard Created Karina, then Recreated Bardot Une Femme est Une Femme,Vivre saVie, Le Mépris, Bande à Part 65
Songs, Thrills and a Town Called Alphaville La Peau Douce, Les Parapluies de Cherbourg, Alphaville, Pierrot le Fou Further Viewing A guide to other New Wave-related ﬁlms Reference Material Recommended books and websites
Making Waves: An Introduction
Beautiful women. Suave leading men. Existential angst. Blackand white ﬁgures in Parisian cafés. Cigarette smoke. Lots of it. The world of French cinema conjures up a hundred often-parodied clichés for today’s viewer and the ﬁlms of the New Wave era supply their own set of distinctive images. Jean Seberg walking down the Champs Elysées selling the New York Herald Tribune. The young JeanPierre Léaud running through the streets of Paris with a stolentypewriter. Charles Aznavour playing honkytonk piano in a run-down café. Anna Karina and JeanClaude Brialy brushing off their feet before going to sleep. Eddie Constantine, decked out in gumshoe hat and mac, arriving at the sinister town of Alphaville. Jean-Paul Belmondo wrapping dynamite around his painted face. Brigitte Bardot lying naked in a bedroom asking Michel Piccoli what he thinks of her rear.Jeanne Moreau, Oskar Werner and Henri Serre cycling through the countryside.The list is endless. These images are some of the things that the New Wave means to me, yet decades after the term was coined in L’Express magazine, critics continue to argue over its precise meaning. Some conﬁne the New Wave to a certain period of time, others to particular directors.
Many believe thatthe ﬁlm-makers who wrote for the inﬂuential journal Cahiers du Cinéma are the only ones we can truly describe as belonging to the New Wave. Among the directors believed at one time or another to be related to the movement are: Jean-Luc Godard, François Truffaut, Claude Chabrol, Jacques Rivette, Eric Rohmer, Alain Resnais, Louis Malle, Roger Vadim, Jacques Demy, Agnès Varda, Chris Marker, Jean...