Nutricu¡ion y salud

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Nutrition and Health

Arce Rúales Sandra Vanessa
Solórzano Sánchez Rossana Paola
Claudio Suntasig Ana Magdalena


Ing. Nuvia Zambrano

Quevedo - Los Ríos – Ecuador

The authors considerthat nutrition has played and plays a primary role in life, even before birth. Daily food is consumed that may influence health status. There are many factors that will influence the eating habits of each person, no doubt is the very availability, although it is true that individuals do not always consume all the food they have at their fingertips. As commonly stated, though it may seem anexaggeration, it is easier for a person to change their religion before their eating habits, as they have remained stable in successive generations for long periods of time.

People with serious health conditions can significantly improve it and prevent further deterioration of the same if they adopt healthy lifestyles, but more importantly would bring new eating habits to the new generations whichwould be the most favorable effects of a better nutrition education, and more active physical life, which would lead to an increase in life expectancy.

One of the main problems is the global food crisis accompanied by poor eating habits, nutritional deficits occur not only by default, but also excess, depending on the selected food, which impacts on older women so that further accelerate ChronicNoncommunicable Diseases such as ischemic heart disease, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia, obesity, osteoporosis and some types of cancer among others. All of this was largely a result of unbalanced food intake. It is estimated that approximately one third of the factors involved in Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases related to diet.

According to the authors, the current challenge inthe field of health is to set conditions and dietary lifestyle that better safeguard bodily functions and reduce chronic disease in people.

Cuba has one of the best life expectancy rates in the world, which is a reflection of a consistent national health system and what they do even more costly and complex struggle against death, where Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases occupy a of the firstplaces .- Therefore, the solution seems to be more linked to the concept of quality of life, which implies a change in habits and lifestyle, which are usually slow gestation process.


Promote health, reduce the risk of developing diseases related to food and control specific illnesses caused by excessive or insufficient intake of certain foods

•Define a diet appropriate for each individual, in other words, a personalized diet that suits your needs and desires, caring for a balance to maintain optimal weight.
• Define the needs of the consumer.
• Helping people to have a clear understanding about the products they consume

History of nutrition

Since the appearance of man on earth, the type of foods ithas had to eat for their livelihoods, has changed through the "times" because he was forced to adapt to those who were nearest and it was easier to obtain with the limited tools they had. As an example, please cite the studies of human remains oldest found to date (we refer to the man of Atapuerca, Burgos), according to Pereira.

It has come to the conclusion that a scavenger and practicedcannibalism, and disputed their "delicacies" with other animals of the same nutritional properties. In his walk in search of food, he would find new guys I was forced to adapt. The availability of large game was declining and had to feed on small game, seafood (in some areas) and on all edible plants. This adaptive phase began about 100,000 years.

Pereira himself cites the last to suffer these...
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