Depression is a very common mood disorder. It´s not the same as feeling sad when bad things happen. If sadness lasts for days or week, make it hard to work or do thinks with family or friends, or involves thoughts of suicide, depression is present. Depression is treatable but often not preventable. Lifestyle changes such as lowering stress and increasing leisure time andexercise may lower the risk of having depression. It affects about 80% of the people at some time in life and can occur at any age. It´s more common in women than in men.
WHAT CAUSES DEPRESSION?
The cause is unknown. Probably, many things contribute to it. These include chemicals being out of balance in the brain; genetic, environmental, or developmental events; and biological and psychologicalfactors. Drugs such as alcohol or downers can worsen it. Some medical conditions, such as thyrod disease and stroke, are also often related to depression.
WHAT ARE THE SYMTOMS OF DEPRESSION?
Symptoms include trouble sleeping, such as trouble falling asleep but more likely waking up very early in the morning for no reason. Less often, depression can involve too much sleep (people sleep most ofthe day). Some people have less appetite, which leads to weight loss, but some people eat more. Other symptoms include losing interest in things, being unable to concentrate, feeling sad, having crying spells, often for no reason; feeling as if the future won´t be better; being agitated or restles; moving and speaking very slowly; and losing interest in sex. Severe depression involves suicidal orhomicidal thoughts or thinking or dreaming about death.
HOW IS DEPRESSION DIAGNOSED?
No laboratory tests or x-rays can diagnose depression.. The doctor makes a diagnosis from symptoms and past medical history.
HOW IS DEPRESSION TREATED?
Treatment usually involves using medicines and talking to a therapist or psychiatrist. Medicines used are antidepressants. Some more common drugs areescitalopram, paroxetine, sertraline, fluoxetine, and citalopram. These are selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Others are venlafaxine, duloxetine, and bupropion. Some drugs increase sleep and appetite, but it usually takes 2 to 3 weeks before these drugs help the depression. They also have side effects, such as weight gain, sexual problems, and nausea.
The use of hypnosis to treat medicalor mental health conditions is called hypnotherapy. Hypnosis is a state of focused concentration. The focus of attention is so narrow that you are not even aware of things around you. Have you ever been so involved in watching a TV show or reading a book that you did not hear someone speak to you? You were in a light state of self-hypnosis.
A hypnotic trance is a state between sleeping andwaking, like daydreaming. One person may have a deep, heavy restful feeling, while another may have a light, floating sensation.
Some people get so relaxed in a trance that they may fall asleep. In trance, sleeping subjects can still follow instructions such as moving a finger, taking a deep breath, or waking up when they are told to do so.
What is hypnosis used to treat?
Hypnotherapy can helpyou feel better without using medicine, or it can be used along with medicine. Hypnosis can help you: build confidence, overcome fears, treat sleep disorders, overcome depression, stop smoking or drinking alcohol, improve school or sports performance, lose weight, reduce stress and deal with sexual problems.
The use of hypnosis to remember the past, especially memories of abuse, is not somethingeveryone agrees with. People who are hypnotized are very open to suggestion and may give false information without meaning to.
How is hypnosis done?
You can hypnotize yourself or be hypnotized by another person. It is possible to be hypnotized alone or in a group of people. Almost everyone can be hypnotized to some level. You cannot be hypnotized if you do not want to be. Simple tests...