Sarny

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Sarny was a part of the Kingdom of Halych-Volhynia. It was later annexed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, followed by the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. From 1795 it was considered a part of theRussian Empire, as part of the Volhynian Governorate. In 1921, the city became part of the Second Polish Republic. In Poland it was the seat of a Sarny county, firstly in Polesie Voivodeship, then, since1930 - in Wołyń Voivodeship.

In the 1930s Polish military authorities constructed a number of fortifications in the area of Sarny, known as Sarny Fortified Area (Sarnenski Rejon Umocniony), alongthe Sluch river.

After the Soviet invasion of Poland in September 1939 Sarny became a concentration point for units under command of gen. bryg. Wilhelm Orlik-Rückemann. Concentraction was takingplace under cover of "Sarny" regiment commanded by ppłk. Nikodem Sulik. The regiment itself was stemming the attack of the Soviet 60th Rifle Division based on strong fortifications of Sarny FortifiedArea. Crew of a single bunker, under command of ppor. Jan Bołbot, lasted out in its position up to 19 September, delaying advance of Soviet units[1]. Some of the bunkers making up this line still exist.In June 1941, Sarny was captured by Nazi Germany, and again reclaimed by Soviet forces in 1944. Since 1939, it has been a part of Ukrainian SSR and later independent Ukraine.Sarny was a part ofthe Kingdom of Halych-Volhynia. It was later annexed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, followed by the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. From 1795 it was considered a part of the Russian Empire, as part ofthe Volhynian Governorate. In 1921, the city became part of the Second Polish Republic. In Poland it was the seat of a Sarny county, firstly in Polesie Voivodeship, then, since 1930 - in WołyńVoivodeship.

In the 1930s Polish military authorities constructed a number of fortifications in the area of Sarny, known as Sarny Fortified Area (Sarnenski Rejon Umocniony), along the Sluch river....
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