Sexualidad y vih

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Sánchez Bravo, Claudia;Corres Ayala, Norma Patricia;Blum Grynberg, Bertha;Carreño Meléndez, Jorge Perfil de la relación de factores psicológicos del deseo sexual hipoactivo femenino y masculino Salud Mental, Vol. 32, Núm. 1, enero-febrero, 2009, pp. 43-51 Instituto Nacionalde Psiquiatría Ramón de la Fuente México
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Salud Mental ISSN (Versión impresa): 0185-3325 perezrh@imp.edu.mx Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatría Ramón de la Fuente México

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Salud Mental 2009;32:43-51

Perfil de la relación de factores psicológicos del deseo sexual hipoactivo

Perfil de la relación de factores psicológicos del deseo sexual hipoactivo femenino y masculino
Claudia Sánchez Bravo,1 Norma Patricia Corres Ayala,2 Bertha Blum Grynberg,2 Jorge Carreño Meléndez1
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SUMMARY
At theDepartment of Psychology of the Instituto Nacional de Perinatología ‘Isidro Espinosa de los Reyes’ (INPERIER), a hospital specialized in reproductive problems, we have detected a high proportion of couples with sexual problems. Therefore we decided to develope a line of research on human sexuality. Ever since, several exploratory studies have taken place with the aim of assessing the prevalence andthe frequency of sexual dysfunction in both women and men attending the INPERIER. Our studies showed that 52% of women had one or more sexual dysfunctions and 38.8% of men had one or more sexual dysfunctions. Objective The main purpose of the study was to identify (in women and men) the relationship and the combination between hypoactive sexual desire disorder and some intervening variablescatalogued as personality factors: gender role, self-esteem and locus of control. We also analysed sexual backgrounds by indentifying: child sexual traumatic experience, sexual information available, sex fears, masturbation and couple problems; in order to propose a profile of the relationship between psychological factors and hypoactive sexual desire in women and men. Material and methods Anon-experimental, retrospective, transversal, field study with a correlation-multivariate design was used, which consisted of two independent samples divided into four groups selected through intentional sampling by quotas. This study is part of a larger research study aimed to assess risk factors for feminine and masculine sexual dysfunctions, whose original sample size was 400 participants. Out of thissample only participants with hypoactive sexual desire were selected, so in the end the groups included 58 women and 55 men. However, they were compared with the same number of participants with no sexual dysfunction. The groups were organized as follows: Group 1, women or men with no sexual dysfunction; Group 2, women or men who presented hypoactive sexual desire disorder. The participants includedin the study were INPERIER regular patients. Samples were handled individually. In order to have an accurate sample all participants had to cover the selection criteria. Additionally, in order to place participants in the right group we used the Codified Clinical History Form on Female Sexuality (CCHFFS) for

women —which also was used to examine their sexual background information— and in thecase of men, we used the Male Sexuality Questionnaire. Furthermore the measurement of personality items was done by using the Inventory of Masculinity and Femininity IMAFE, the Coppersmith Self-Esteem Inventory and the Internal-External Locus of Control Scales. Sexuality questionnaires as well as other measurement instruments were applied at the External Clinic area during a single session...
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