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Forming Possessives
Showing possession in English is a relatively easy matter (believe it or not). By adding an apostrophe and an s we can manage to transform most singular nouns into their possessive form:
• the car's front seat
• Charles's car
• Bartkowski's book
• a hard day's work
Some writers will say that the -s after Charles' is not necessary and that adding only the apostrophe(Charles' car) will suffice to show possession. Consistency is the key here: if you choose not to add the -s after a noun that already ends in s, do so consistently throughout your text. William Strunk's Elements of Style recommends adding the 's. (In fact, oddly enough, it's Rule Number One in Strunk's "Elementary Rules of Usage.") You will find that some nouns, especially proper nouns, especiallywhen there are other -s and -z sounds involved, turn into clumsy beasts when you add another s: "That's old Mrs. Chambers's estate." In that case, you're better off with "Mrs. Chambers' estate."
There is another way around this problem of klunky possessives: using the "of phrase" to show possession. For instance, we would probably say the "constitution of Illinois," as opposed to "Illinois' (orIllinois's ??) constitution."
To answer that question about Illinois, you should know that most words that end in an unpronounced "s" form their possessive by adding an apostrophe + s. So we would write about "Illinois's next governor" and "Arkansas's former governor" and "the Marine Corps's policy." However, many non-English words that end with a silent "s" or "x" will form their possessiveswith only an apostrophe. So we would write "Alexander Dumas' first novel" and "this bordeaux' bouquet." According to the New York Public Library's Guide to Style and Usage, there are "certain expressions that end in s or the s sound that traditionally require an apostrophe only: for appearance' sake, for conscience' sake, for goodness' sake" (268). Incidentally, the NYPL Guide also suggests thatwhen a word ends in a double s, we're better off writing its possessive with only an apostrophe: the boss' memo, the witness' statement. Many writers insist, however, that we actually hear an "es" sound attached to the possessive forms of these words, so an apostrophe -s is appropriate: boss's memo, witness's statement. If the look of the three s's in a row doesn't bother you, use that construction.La formación de Posesivos

Mostrando posesión en Inglés es un asunto relativamente fácil (aunque no lo crean). Al añadir un apóstrofo y una s podemos gestionar para transformar la mayoría de los sustantivos en singular en su forma posesiva:

* Asiento delantero del coche
* Charles de vehículos
* Bartkowski libro de
* Un duro día de trabajo

Algunos escritores dicen queel s-después de que Charles no es necesario y que la adición de sólo el apóstrofo (Carlos coche) será suficiente para mostrar el poder. La consistencia es la clave aquí: si decide no agregar-s después de un sustantivo que ya termina en s, haga de forma coherente a lo largo de su texto. Elementos William Strunk de estilo recomienda que se añada el 's. (De hecho, por extraño que parezca, es laregla número uno en Strunk de "Elemental Reglamento de Uso"). Usted encontrará que algunos nombres, especialmente los nombres propios, especialmente cuando hay otros-s y-z sonidos que participan, se convierten en bestias torpes cuando se agrega otro s: "Eso es antigua finca de la señora Salas." En ese caso, es mejor con "Residencia de la Sra. Salas '."

Hay otra manera de evitar este problema deklunky posesivos: usando el "de la frase" para mostrar el poder. Por ejemplo, probablemente diría que la "constitución de Illinois," en lugar de "Illinois" (o Illinois?) Constitución ".

Para responder a esa pregunta acerca de Illinois, usted debe saber que la mayoría de las palabras que terminan en una pronunciada "s" formar su posesiva agregando un apóstrofo + s. Así que iba a escribir sobre...
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