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GRAMMAR REFERENCE
MODULE 1
*Present Simple vs Present Progressive
We use the
Present Simple: We use the Present
Progressive:
●for permanent states.
Sam works in a bank. ●for temporarystates.
I’m taking a language course this month.
●for habits or actions that habits or actions that happen regularly.
I always eat a egg for breakfast. ●for actions happening at the moment of speaking.The dog is eating now.
●for general truths.
Water boils at 212ºF. ●For future arrangements.
We’re visiting Ireland this summer.


TIME EXPRESSIONS
Present Simple Present Progressive
Usually,always, often, occasionally, hardly ever, etc.
Every day/week, etc.
In the morning/spring, etc.
On Mondays/Monday morning, Etc.
On the weekend, etc.
Once/twice/three times, etc.
A week /day, etcNow, at the moment, at present ,today,
These days this week/year, etc.
Tonight, tomorrow, etc.
Next week /year, etc.

*State Verbs
The following verbs are not normally used in progressivetenses. They are called stative verbs.
They are called stative verbs.
●Verbs of the senses: feel, see, hear, smell, taste, notice, and seem, look (=believe), etc.
●Verbs of emotions and preferences:love, hate, like, dislike, want, need, prefer, mind, etc.
●Verbs of perception and opinion : think (=believe), believe , know , understands , remember , forget , hope , mean , imagine , etc.
●Otherverbs: be, have (=posses), own, belong, cost, etc.



*Past Simple
We use the Past Simple:
●for actions that started and were completed at a specific time I the past .
I went out whit herdad when she was a child.
●for habitual or repeated actions in the past .
Mary often went fishing whit her ad when she was a child .
●for completed actions that happened one after the other in thepast.
He opened the door, came in quietly and turned on the lights.
●for permanent situations in the past.
I lived in London for 20 years
TIME EXPRESSIONS
Yesterday , in 1980,etc
Two hours ago,...
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