The Ford Motor Company (often referred to simply as Ford or Ford's) is an American multinational automobile manufacturer based in Dearborn, Michigan, USA. It was founded on June 16, 1903 by Henry Ford (below, history) in Detroit, Michigan. According to Fortune magazine, DaimlerChrysler and Toyota passed Ford Motor ranking as the second and third group of car manufacturers worldwide with over 2004revenues, respectively. For many years, Ford was global number two behind General Motors. Ford remains one of the 500 largest corporations by revenue.
The Ford Motor Company also includes Volvo, Jaguar, Mercury, Lincoln, Land Rover, Mazda.
Ford currently has plants construction in many countries, and make cars for different countries based on regional tastes.
It currently offers twomodels of hybrid vehicle, the Focus C-Max and Ford Escape.
Ford first began operations in 1903 with $ 28,000 dollars from 12 investors. In its early years, Ford produced a few cars per day located its factory on Mack Avenue in Detroit, Michigan. Groups of two or three men worked with each car using components made in other companies. Henry Ford was 40 when he founded the Ford MotorCompany, which would continue to be one of the largest and most lucrative in the world, as well as being one of the few companies that survived the Great Depression of the 30's.
In 1908, the company released the Ford Model T Ford, whose first model was built at the Piquette Manufacturing Plant. The company moved production facilities to the Highland Park plant (bigger than the last) to meet thedemand of the new Model T. By 1913, the company had developed all the basic techniques of line and mass production. Ford created the first moving production line in the world that year, which reduced chassis assembly time from 12 hours to 2 hours and 40 minutes.
Henry Ford, Henry Ford -------------------------------- 1888 (1919)
Henry Ford (Dearborn, Michigan, July 30, 1863 -April 7, 1947) was an American industrialist, founder of the Ford Motor Company and father of modern production lines used for mass production. The introduction of the Model T in the automobile market prolific hit number of 161 patents in that country. As sole owner of the Ford Motor Company, became one of the richest known people in the world.
He is credited with Fordism, a system that ranfrom the late 30's and early 70's and created by manufacturing a large number of low-cost cars through the production chain. This system was combined the use of specialized machinery and a large number of workers in high-wage workforce. While Ford had a pretty poor education, had a global vision, with consumerism as the key to peace. His intense commitment to reduce costs led to a lot of business andtechnical inventions, including a franchise system that established a dealership in every city in North America and in major cities across six continents. Ford bequeathed much of his vast fortune to the Ford Foundation, but also made sure that his family control the company permanently.
Henry Ford was born on a farm in a rural town west of Detroit (the area in question is nowpart of Dearborn, Michigan). His parents were William Ford (1826-1905) and Mary Litogot (c1839-1876). They were of English descent, but had lived in Ireland, County Cork. He had several siblings: Margaret (1867-1868), Jane (c1868-1945), William (1871-1917) and Robert (1873-1934).
During the summer of 1873, Henry was the first time a self-propelled machine, a stationary steam engine that could beused for agricultural activities. The operator, Fred Reden, had wheels mounted on top of which was connected by a chain. Henry was fascinated with the machine and the following year Reden taught the young how to turn and drive the motor. Ford later said that this experience was the one who "taught that it was by instinct an engineer". 
Henry took this passion for engines home. His father...
Leer documento completo
Regístrate para leer el documento completo.