Industrial revolution is a big event that occurred 1750-1914. Many inventions, events, protests and reactions were made. Why did people protest? Inventions were made, but what roll did they play in people's life and factories? How were people's lives affected by the new machinery? How did people in industrial cities live? What did people do to try to improve their conditions?All these questions can be answered and much more interesting information can be found in the text bellow.
To form this work, I chose books that regarded my subject. I read websites that could be reliable. I took plenty of time to choose the books that based my searching. I tried to be very critic. Finally I found several books and chose the information I believed was necessary toexplain and view life during the Industrial Revolution, how machinery affected life in good and bad ways. I emphasized mostly on the economic conditions, working conditions, religion, and movements of people to try to make them better.
Many changes were made during the industrial revolution; people found different ways of improving life and making hand-work faster with help ofmachines. Inventions after inventions were put into work. Inventors improved their works to make hand-work easier. Many families started to work in factories, woman, man worked and even children were put to work. Families needed that little money that children could make and put them to work, as soon as they could work.” The growth of population did not cause the industrial revolution in England; italmost aborted it. Factories paid higher wages than domestic industries; all the same, they were very low, chiefly because most of the factory hands were woman and children"(Johnson p. 278.). The population grew and families worked in extremely bad conditions; unhealthy and very dangerous conditions. "State limitations of human exploitation came too late, and were too ineffective, to make thequest for productivity a virtue"(Johnson p.278). Workdays were long and mostly lasted 12-16 hours a day, six days a week. Human exploitation was huge and really unfair to the poor factory workers "There were no paid holidays, vacations, or sick leaves"... "Lighting was poor, and machines were not equipped safely devices, so accidents happened frequently. A worker injured on the job received nocompensation. If an injured worker could no longer do the job, he or she was thrown out of work"(Beers p.487). "The economic school man and their political pupils still clung to the subsistence theory of the wages: if men were paid more than they needed to live, they would simply work less"(Johnson p.278-279).
"Better methods of productions were found, and new machinery was invented which replacedhand work"... "1785 a power machine for weaving revolutionized clothe making. It allowed Britain to make clothe cheaply than elsewhere"... "But this machinery put many people out of work"(McDowell p.123). This new machinery, helped Britain to improve its economy a lot and wealthy people who owned clothe factories became wealthier mostly because they had the machines that replaced workers, themachines made the work faster, and exportation was big; however, many people's job were replaced by machines.” Other basic materials of the industrial revolution were cotton and woolen cloths, which were popular abroad. In the middle of the century, other countries were buying British uniforms, equipment and weapons for their armies". (McDowell p.123). Factory owners’ economy; however, it did alsodecline at times. "No attention was paid to management efficiency, cost accounting, development research or the planned relationship between skill and machinery"... "profits could be made without such frills; and when trade declined and profit fell, the answer was simply to cut production and lay off labor"(Johnson p.278)
Bad working conditions and unemployment were the cause a various...