The Statue of liberty is a national monument that was given to the American’s by the French after the American Revolution in recognition of friendship between the two countries. The Statue was constructed in France and shipped in sections to New York, where it was accepted on behalf of the American people in 1886 by President Grover Cleveland.
The concept was designed and executedby Frederic Bartholdi who was commissioned by France with the intention of delivering the statue in time for the centennial celebration of the United States in 1876, but engineering and other technical difficulties caused significant delays in the construction of the copper Statue.
The different aspects such as its history, financing, the arrival to New York
Harbor, location, symbolism andtourism will be discussed in further detailed.
The Statue of Liberty (originally called Liberty Enlightening the World (French: la Liberté éclairant le monde) is a colossal sculpture of a robed female figure in the neoclassical style on Liberty Island in New York Harbor. The statue is an evocation of Libertas, the Roman goddess of freedom, who strides forward, trampling a broken chain,and bearing a torch and a tabula ansata, upon which is inscribed the date of American independence and designed by Frédéric Bartholdi.
During the American Revolution the French provided arms, ships, money and men to the American colonies. Some Frenchmen - most notably the Marquis de Lafayette, a close friend of George Washington - even became high-ranking officers in the American army. The Statueof Liberty would remind all that America and France were “two sisters” and in representation of this alliance, the French offered the American’s this grand monument.
Bartholdi was inspired by French law professor and politician Édouard René de Laboulaye, who commented in 1865 that any monument raised to American independence would properly be a joint project of the French and American nations.However, work on the statue did not commence until the early 1870s. In 1875, Leboulaye proposed that the French finance the statue and the Americans provide the pedestal and the site. Bartholdi completed both the head and the torch-bearing arm before the statue was fully designed, and these pieces were exhibited for publicity at international expositions. The statue was dedicated on the afternoonof October 28, 1886, in a ceremony presided over by President Grover Cleveland.
The Statue was a joint effort between America and France and it was agreed upon that the American people were to build the pedestal, and the French people were responsible for the Statue and its assembly here in the United States. However, lack of funds was a problem on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean.In France, public fees, various forms of entertainment, and a lottery were among the methods used to raise funds. Additional funds were raised in France in a manner worthy of contemporary merchandising techniques: a signed and numbered collection of clay models of the statue were sold in France and America. By the end of 1879, about 250,000 francs (approximately $750,000 U.S.) had been raised forthe statue's construction. Enough, most people thought, to complete the work.
In the United States, benefit theatrical events, art exhibitions, auctions and prizefights assisted in providing needed funds. The statue's arm was displayed in New York's Madison Square Park from 1876 to 1882. Fundraising proved difficult, especially for the Americans, and by 1885 work on the pedestal was threateneddue to lack of funds. However, publisher Joseph Pulitzer of the World initiated a drive for donations to complete the project, and the campaign inspired over 120,000 contributors; most gave less than one dollar. Finally in 1885, Pulitzer had reached the goal he had set out to collect. He printed in the front page of his newspaper that the goal of one thousand dollars was achieved thanks to all the...