He was a Christian theologian belonging to the Order of Preachers, and is the main representative of the scholastic tradition, and founder of theThomism school of theology and philosophy. It is also known as Angelic Doctor or Doctor of Common Law and is considered a saint by the Catholic Church. His best known workis the Sum of Theology, a treaty which posits five ways to prove the existence of God.
Could not set the exact date of birth Tomas Aquinas, but it is likely thathis birth occurred in 1224 or 1225. Nor does the place where he was born, since in several places arrogate that privilege, but the place is more accepted Roccasecca, acastle at the summit of a mountain, near Aquino, Italy. His family belonged to the Neapolitan nobility. Son of Count Landolfo of Aquino, was educated at the Abbey ofMonte Cassino and then at the University of Naples. In 1244 he took the habit of the Order of Preachers and met Albert the Great, whom study in Cologne. It has been saidthat few theologians have made philosophic studies or write that much work of such high quality, within which Aquinas did, a little less than three decades.
A PhD, andin 1252 served as master of theology at the University of Paris and other European cities. He died in 1274 path of the second Council of Lyons.
After his death,some of his theses were condemned by the Bishop of Paris, Étienne Tempier, who in 1277 launched a broad condemnation of 219 theses on the University of Paris. Despitethis, Thomas Aquinas was canonized on 18 January, 1323. The sentences were lifted in 1277 with regard to Thomas Aquinas on 14 February 1325.
His feast day is Jan. 28.