Marley's best known hits include "I Shot the Sheriff", "No Woman, No Cry", "Exodus", "Could You Be Loved", "Stir It Up", "Jamming", "Redemption Song", "One Love" and, together with The Wailers, "Three Little Birds",as well as the posthumous releases "Buffalo Soldier" and "Iron Lion Zion". Thecompilation album, Legend, released in 1984, three years after his death, is reggae's best-selling album, being 10 times platinum in the US and selling 20 million copies worldwide
1 Early life and career
2 Musical career
2.1 The Wailers
2.2 Bob Marley & The Wailers
3 Later years
3.2 Death and posthumous reputation
5 Wife and children
8 Awards and honours
9 Film adaptation(s)
10 Sound samples
11 See also
13 Further reading
14 External links
Early life and career
Bob Marley was born in the small village of Nine Mile in Saint Ann Parish, Jamaica as Nesta Robert Marley A Jamaican passport official would later swap his first and middle names His father Norval Sinclair Marley was a whiteEnglish Jamaican. Norval was a captain in the Royal Marines, as well as a plantation overseer, when he married Cedella Booker, an Afro-Jamaican then eighteen years old. Norval provided financial support for his wife and child, but seldom saw them, as he was often away on trips. In 1955, when Marley was 10 years old, his father died of a heart attack at age 60 Marley suffered racial prejudice as ayouth, because of his mixed racial origins and faced questions about his own racial identity throughout his life. He once reflected:
“ I don't have prejudice against meself. My father was a white and my mother was black. Them call me half-caste or whatever. Me don't dip on nobody's side. Me don't dip on the black man's side nor the white man's side. Me dip on God's side, the one who create meand cause me to come from black and white
Although Marley recognized his mixed ancestry, throughout his life and because of his beliefs, he self-identified as a black African In songs such as "Black Progress," "African Herbsman," "Buffalo Soldier," "War," "Africa Unite" and others, Marley sings about the struggles of blacks and Africans against oppression from the West or "Babylon."
Marleybecame friends with Neville "Bunny" Livingston (later known as Bunny Wailer), with whom he started to play music. He left school at the age of 14 to make music with Joe Higgs, a local singer and devout Rastafari. It was at a jam session with Higgs and Livingston that Marley met Peter McIntosh (later known as Peter Tosh), who had similar musical ambitions.
In 1962, Marley recorded his first twosingles, "Judge Not" and "One Cup of Coffee", with local music producer Leslie Kong. These songs, released on the Beverley's label under the pseudonym of Bobby Martell, attracted little attention. The songs were later re-released on the box set, Songs of Freedom, a posthumous collection of Marley's work.
Main article: The Wailers (reggae band)
Wikinews hasrelated news: Vivien Goldman: An interview with Bob Marley's biographer
In 1963, Bob Marley, Bunny Wailer, Peter Tosh, Junior Braithwaite, Beverley Kelso, and Cherry Smith formed a ska and rocksteady group, calling themselves "The Teenagers". They later changed their name to "The Wailing Rudeboys", then to "The Wailing Wailers", at which point they were discovered by record producer Coxsone...