Vinos mas importantes

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  • Publicado : 13 de diciembre de 2010
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The production of wine in the world spans to the five continents in numerous countries located in diverse latitudes, ranging from the 50 degrees north in parts of Canada, Germany or the UK to 40 degrees Southern wine regions in Argentina or Australia.
But Spain, France and Italy are the three countries that account for half of world wine production, while the top ten producers, adding the onesabove, are the United States, Argentina, China, Australia, South Africa, Germany and Chile.
Undoubtedly, the star reference of Spanish wines, primarily red, either in Spain or abroad, has been and La Rioja. “La Rioja is both a province and an autonomous region located in the North of Spain. It is situated between Castilla La Mancha to the south, Castilla León to the west, Aragón to the east andNavarra and the Pais Vasco to the north. It is a very fertile part of Spain and has an abundant supply of water due to the 7 major rivers that flow through it: the Oja, the Najerilla, the Iregua, the Leza, the Jubera, the Cidacos and the Alhama all of which end up in the Ebro, which also flows through this province. La Rioja is also known as the province with 7 valleys. La Rioja is a smallprovince but it is very rich in natural resources - it is one of Spain's most famous wines producing areas as well as having an interesting landscape. It has an important historical heritage and there are endless possibilities for visitors. La Rioja's main economy is wine production and its related industries (wine distribution, rural tourism...). There are also other important industries such as itstextile and shoe industry as well as agriculture.” (La Rioja Guide)
The distinguished history of winemaking in this Spanish region starts in 1850, when Luciano de Murrieta established the first commercial winery in the area: Marques de Murrieta. It would follow illustrious names that gave to Rioja wine the international fame that remains today, as Marques de Riscal. Natural factors, basicallyclimate and soil, have determined the division of Rioja, for the purposes of classification of wines, in three divisions:
Rioja Alta
With a moderate continental climate, influenced by the Cantabrian, the vineyard extends over calcareous clay soils and followed by gentle terrain. In this sub-area, the cultivation of Tempranillo strain highlights, providing balanced red wines, of attractive ruby color,elegant aroma, and particularly suitable for breeding.
Rioja Baja
The climate and the fertile nature of the terrain in this sub provide good harvests with perfectly ripe grapes. The climate is drier than in the Rioja Alta, with more Mediterranean influence. Ferrous clay soil promotes the production of red wines from Grenache, which gives aromatic wines francs, slightly acidic.
Rioja AlavesaLa Rioja Alavesa has a rugged terrain, limestone, very suitable for growing grapes. The summers are short and winters are mild with some frost, but only a few precipitations fall as snow. The vineyard is oriented to the south, protected by the Sierra de Cantabria. In this area, red wines made with Tempranillo reach high levels of quality.
France produces about 60 million hectoliters of wine fromthe 800,000 hectares of vineyards scattered around the country. This is the second country in the world with more vineyard area, just behind Spain.
Originating in France, are also grape varieties such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Syrah, Pinot Noir or Sauvignon Blanc, known today throughout the world. In this country we also have many of the winemaking techniques used today internationally.To properly understand French wines and high quality, it is necessary to know the role played by two aspects: the terroir and the system of designation of origin (AOC, Appellation d'origine contrôlée). To talk about wines of terroir is make reference about wines that reflect their place of origin, which is often identified on labels of French wine. For its part, the AOC define which grape...
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