Big Ben

Páginas: 3 (742 palabras) Publicado: 20 de abril de 2011
Big Ben is in the Clock TowerBig Ben is the nickname for the great bell of the clock at the north end of the Palace of Westminster in London,[1] and is generally extended to refer to the clock or theclock tower as well. Despite being one of the world's most famous tourist attractions, the interior of the tower is not open to overseas visitors.
Which means O Lord, keep safe our Queen Victoriathe First.
Movement
The designers were the lawyer and amateur horologist Edmund Beckett Denison, and George Airy, the Astronomer Royal. Construction was entrusted to clockmaker Edward John Dent;after his death in 1853 his stepson Frederick Dent completed the work, in 1854.
On 10 May 1941, a German bombing raid damaged two of the clock's dials and sections of the tower's stepped roof anddestroyed the House of Commons chamber. Architect Sir Giles Gilbert Scott designed a new five-floor block. Two floors are occupied by the current chamber which was used for the first time on 26 October1950. Despite the heavy bombing the clock ran accurately
Malfunctions, breakdowns, and other outages
1916: for two years during World War I, the bells were silenced and the clock face darkened atnight to prevent attack by German Zeppelins.[8]
Sept. 1, 1939: although the bells continued to ring, the clock faces were darkened at night through World War II to prevent guiding Blitz pilots.[8]
NewYear's Eve 1962: The clock slowed due to heavy snow and ice on the long hands, causing the pendulum to detach from the clockwork, as it is designed to do in such circumstances, to avoid serious damageelsewhere in the mechanism—the pendulum continuing to swing freely. Thus it chimed in the new year 10 minutes late.[13]
Nickname
Double-decker buses frame a busy Whitehall with Big Ben in thebackground.The origin of the nickname Big Ben is the subject of some debate. The nickname was applied first to the Great Bell; it may have been named after Sir Benjamin Hall, who oversaw the installation...
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