napoleon

Páginas: 6 (1458 palabras) Publicado: 12 de febrero de 2016









Lucas Enriquez

ES 3


2015

Was napoleon a reformer, revolutionary or reactionary?

“Napoleon Bonaparte was a military general who became the first emperor of France. His drive for military expansion changed the world”.1 End of xviii centuary and as a product of the French revolution. The research will analyse what kind of reformer, revolutionary or reactionary was napoleon throughbooklets or webpages.

Napoleon was considered a reformer as shown in this quote “he was a successful reformer of the military and of education in France and his Napoleonic Code is yet followed in many European, Middle Eastern, and African countries today, and many of his educational reforms are yet practiced”. 2 as you can see in this quote napoleon was a very successful reformer, but it wasn'teasy to get to that point , there are a lot of reformations that got him to that title of reformer. Some of the reformations he did were
“Reforms in Law:
In 1804, Napoleon took on the legal system of France. The system of laws was in a state of chaos. Laws were not codified and were based on Roman law, ancient custom or monarchial paternalism. During  the revolution, many laws were changed. Itwas difficult to determine what law applied in any given situation, and laws were not equally applied to everyone.
The mishmash of laws were codified and written clearly so that the people could determine what law applied. It incorporated much of the Roman law. For the first time in history, the law was based on reason and founded on the notion  that all men were equal before the law. It guaranteedindividual rights (except for women and blacks) and the security of property. In short it codified many of the ideals of the revolution. The Napoleonic Code became profoundly influential to other European countries in the 19th century.
Reforms in Government:
Napoleon centralized the government, putting control firmly in the hands of the national government. It became more efficient. Advancement inthe civil service and the military was based on merit rather than rank. The tax system was applied equally to all.
Reforms in Education:
Napoleon built many new lyceums, schools for boys age 10 to 16. He recognized the importance of education in producing citizens capable of filling positions in his bureaucracy and military. Although he did not create a system of mass education, education wasmore available to the middle class than it ever had been before. At a meeting in 1807 he declared”












La primera Revolución Industrial, que tuvo lugar entre los años 1760 y 1840, le dio lugar a una economía basada en la mecanización y la industria, iniciando un nuevo ciclo, al cual los historiadores denominan Segunda Revolución Industrial. Durante este proceso, se originó una distribucióndel poder de Gran Bretaña hacia otros sectores como Estados Unidos.3 En el año 1850, se comenzó a observar mundialmente, cómo el número de mujeres solteras mayores de 45 años empezó a crecer, ya que el matrimonio significaba un retroceso para la mujer, no sólo como “proyecto de vida, sino también como opción económica”.4

Por otro lado, la inserción de la mujer al trabajo durante la Primera GuerraMundial, con el objetivo de sustituir a los hombres que se habían ido a luchar, creó consciencia de su valor social. Estos cambios, junto a los sociales, políticos y económicos que se manifestaban en todo el mundo, provocaron una aceleración en el movimiento feminista a fines del siglo XIX y principios del XX. Las mayores modificaciones se vieron reflejadas en los países más desarrollados, y añosmás tarde, los menos desarrollados siguieron su ejemplo.

El movimiento sufragista femenino fue la consecuencia del movimiento general de los derechos de la mujer, el cual empezó oficialmente en Nueva York, el 19 de julio de 1848, con la “Seneca Falls Convention”5, donde Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Alice Paul Lucretia Mott, Martha C, Wright, y Mary Ann McClintock comenzaron a cuestionar el rol de...
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