The information in this guide is taken from the Department of History Style Guide f the Prepa n s y for aration of Foo otnotes and Biblio ographies, Ch hicago Manua of Style, 15th ed., and Ch al hicago Manua of Style Onl al line. This g guide shows the most com mmon scenarios for the Ch hicago style of citing. For m more example consult: es, Chicago M Manual of Sty15th ed. (M yle, McPherson Li ibrary Reference collection Call Numbe Z253 C572 2003) n, er 2 Chicago M Manual of Sty Online (htt yle tp://ezproxy.l library.uvic.ca a/login?url=h http://www.chicagomanua alofstyle.org) UVic Depa artment of Hi istory Style Gu for the P uide Preparation of Footnotes a Bibliograp f and phies (http://lib brary.uvic.ca/ /site/lib/instru uction/cite/st tyleguides.html)General Rules: In-text citation G
• • In-text citations are usually placed in pa y arentheses at the end of a sentence or quotation, ge t enerally consisting of the author surnam and date. a me If a specific pa section, or division of a work is spe f age, o ecified, place it after the date. Example: There appears to be a dearth of articles in th literature r e b f he regarding libr rarian-to-studdent mentorship of research skills (Har rrison and Ro ourke 2006, 600). If you mention the author by name in th sentence, you can use a in-text cita f he an ation of the d date in parent theses, immediately f following the name. Example: Accor rding to Harrison and Rour (2006), in a discussion of the libraria rke an-student m mentoring rela ationship… Note: For Hist N tory essays, do not use ind-text citation. Instead, use footnotes or endnotes. . r
General Rules: Footnote and En G ndnotes
Form mat • E Each note includes the nam of the aut me thor or editor article title a journal ti or book ti r, and itle itle, name of publisher, place and date of publicati p ion, and, in m cases, the page numb most ber. • A Author names are listed given name firs followed b surname. s st,by • M element are separat by commas. Main ts ted • F Footnotes and endnotes are numbered consecutivel throughout the essay. d ly t • If you cite a so f ource more th once, it c be abbrev han can viated in subs sequent citati ions. After the initial full ci itation, your note can inclu just the author’s surna n ude ame and the a abbreviated t title. If only one source by a particular a author iscited in your e c essay, you can omit the tit in subsequ tle uent citations s. Example: First c citation: 1. Tina M. Bebbin ngton, Mediev Spain: A S val Social History (Cambridge: Cambridge U University Press, 1999), 56. , Subse equent citatio ons: 2. Beb bbington, Me edieval Spain, 35. Or: 3. Beb bbington, 35. • If a note conta a citation and comme f ains n entary, the cit tation comes first,followe by a period or comma, a then the ed d and commentary. c • A Avoid putting multiple notes in the sam place in the text. Instead, multiple citations can b put in the s me e be same note, separated by semicolons. s • U Ibid. for a Use additional cita ations of the same source. Ibid. may on be used in notes immediately follow a note . nly n wing from the exac same sourc f ct ce.
1 Last u updatedJan. 2010
Chic o yle C ago Sty Guide
• Example: 1. Aqu Sam and Pia Russell, e uila, d eds., Contemp porary Studie in Romance Languages (New York: M es e McGraw Hill, 2005) 75. ), 2. Ibid 142. d., If a quoted pa f assage is more than three lines of text in your essay, do not use q e , quotation marks. Instead, s off the set quoted mater by indenting and single q rial e-spacing it. D not use quDo uotation mark for these p ks passages.
Place ement • F Footnotes app pear at the bo ottom of the page on whic the quoted paraphrase or corresp ch d, ed, ponding mate erial appears, while endnote appear in a list at the en of the essa before the bibliography. w es nd ay, e • P Place the note in an appropriate place in the text, su as at the e of a sentence or after a comma or other e uch...