An adverb is a part of speech that describes or modifies a verb, an adjective, another adverb, clause, or sentence.
Adverbs answer the questions "How?", "When?", "Where?","Why?", "In what way?", "How much?", "How often?", "Under what condition", "To what degree?"
The easiest adverbs to recognize are those that end in -ly. Some adjectives end with -ly also butremember that adjectives can modify only nouns and pronouns. Adverbs modify everyting else.
An adverb can be placed anywhere in a sentence.
*Adverbs as modifiers (adverbs in adverbial functions)An adverb modifies a verb
He walked quickly. ('quickly' modifies verb 'walked')
I accepted new task willingly. ('willingly' modifies verb 'accepted')
Mike snored melodically. ('melodically'modifies verb 'snored')
An adverb modifies an adjective
They were really unhappy. ('really' modifies adjective 'unhappy')
My brother is completely fearless. ('completely' modifiesadjective 'fearless')
I know she is very careful. ('very' modifies adjective 'careful')
An adverb modifies an adverb
He is almost always hungry. ('almost' modifies adverb 'always')
John playstennis very well. ('very' modifies adverb 'well')
You never can work too carefully. ('too' modifies adverb 'carefully')
An adverb modifies a clause
Perhaps you are correct, but not atfirst glance. ('perhaps' modifies clause 'you are correct')
Surely he will be on time, but I hope not. ('surely' modifies clause 'he will be on time')
An adverb modifies a sentence
Suddenly,she went home. ('suddenly' modifies a whole sentence)
Finally, he will be on time. ('finally' modifies a whole sentence)
Today, we can take a vacation.('today' modifies a whole sentence)*Adverb Formation
Adverbs that end in -ly are formed by adding -ly to an adjective, a present participle, or a past participle.
- from an adjective
careful - carefully