Apuntes de inglés

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Past simple: to be.
| affirmative | negative | question | Short answers |
i/he/she/ityou/we/they | I was born in 1988.You were in Italy. | She wasn’t at the party.We weren’t at home. | Was he at the mall?Were they in Hawaii? | Yes, he wasNo, he wasn’tYes, they were.No, they weren’t. |

Question forms with question word(s) |
Where was the party?When were you born? |
Remember, to makequestions with to be, we invert the subject and the verb:
Where were you?
I was at my aunt’s house.
Past simple: regular verbs.
We use the past simple to talk about finished actions and states:
It opened in June 2004.
My parents lived in New York ten years ago.
Affirmative | Negative |
I/he/she/it worked last year.You/we/they lived in Buffalo. | I/he/she/it didn’t work lastyear.You/we/they/ didn’t live at home. |

question | Short answers |
Did i/you/he/she/it/ open on time? We/they | Yes, i/you/he/she/it/ did We/they No, i/you/he/she/it/ didn’t We/they |

Question forms with question word(s) |
Where did you live 15 years ago?When did you start studying English?What music did you like in highschool? |

Spelling: past simple
Add –d or ed to most verbs | Work—workedLive—lived |
With verbs that end in a consonants -y, take away the –y and add –ied. | Study—studied |

Time expressions: in, on, at, last, ago.
With the past simple, we often say when an action happened.
We use in with months, seasons and years:
We were on vacation in July.
I started work in 1987.
We use at with timesand occasions:
Where were you at five o’clock?
Where were you at Christmas?
We use on with days and dates:
He started work on Monday.
I graduated on June 12, 1998.
We use last with a specific period:
Where did you go on vacation last year?
Where was he last week?
Ago means before now. We use it to show how far in the past something happened:
I started college three years ago.Vocabulary:
SPECIAL OCCASIONS: VERBS TO DESCRIBE LIFETIME EVENTS.
Baptism To graduate
Birthday to live
Christmas to move
Easter to open
Engagement to start
Farewell party to study
Graduation to work
New Year
Wedding
Wedding anniversary

Articles: indefinite
(a/an) and definite (the).
We use a or an before a noun to talk about something generally.
We use a before a consonant and anbefore a vowel:
Can I have a ticket to Stanton?
You have an aisle seat.
We use the to talk about something specific and about some countries:
What time does the train leave?
Did you go to the United Kingdom?
I live in the United States.
Past simple: irregular verbs.
Many common verbs have an irregular past simple form:
Go—went
Have—had
affirmativenegativequestionshort answers |DidYes,No, | i/you/he/she/It/ we/theyi/you/he/she/it/ we/theyi/you/he/she/it/ we/theyi/you/he/she/it/ we/theyi/you/he/she/it/ we/they | WentDidn’t go(did not)SeeDidDidn’t. | To Greece.To Greece.A movie last night? |

verb | Past simple | verb | Past simple |
To buyTo comeTo eatTo flyTo getTo giveTo go | BoughtCameAteFlewGotGavewent | TohaveTo rideTo see To takeTo wearTo win | HadRodeSawTookWoreWon |

Useful expressions:
BUYING A TICKET AND ASKING RESPONDING TO NEWS:
FOR TRAVEL INFORMATION: That’s great!
Can I have a ticket to Houston? It sounds fantastic!
Which gate is it? That was lucky!
Is there a taxi stand near here? Oh no, what a shame!
What time does train leave? No way!
When does it arrive? That’s too bad!Does this bus go to Atlanta?
VOCABULARY:
TRANSPORTATION: VACATION AND TRAVEL ITEMS:
Airplane bikini
Bike camera
Bus credit card
Car purse
Ferry snorkel and flippers
Motorbike suitcase
Subway swimsuit
Taxi towel
Train traveler’s check
Tram umbrella

Past simple: regular vs. irregular.
Regular |
AffirmativeNegativeYes/noQuestionShort answers | DidYesno |...
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