Apuntes ingles 4

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  • Publicado : 10 de diciembre de 2011
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SIMPLE PAST

WE USE THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE TO TALK ABOUT A COMPLETED ACTIVITY IN THE PAST.

AFFIRMATIVE: SUBJECT + VERB IN PAST

I worked late last night.
She danced a lot yesterday.
We learnt English 2 years ago.
We had a test last week.

IN ENGLISH WE HAVE TWO KINDS OF VERBS: REGULAR AND IRREGULAR VERBS.

REGULAR VERBS ALWAYS END WITH “-ED” IN PAST AND PAST PARTICIPLE TENSES.INFINITIVE PAST PAST PARTICIPLE

Jump jumped jumped
Walk walked walked
Talk talked talked
Want wanted wanted
Dance danced danced
Consider considered considered
Store stored stored
Play played played

WHEN THE VERB ENDS WITH CONSONANT AND “Y” WE CHANGE THE “Y” FOR THE “-IED” ENDING.

INFINITIVE PAST PAST PARTICIPLE

Study studied studied
Copy copiedcopied
Dry dried dried
Try tried tried
Spy spied spied

FOR MOST REGULAR VERBS WE DON’T PRONOUNCE THE “E”:

TALKED WALKED PLAYED STAYED NAMED

BUT WHEN THE VERB ENDS WITH “D” OR “T” THE PRONUNCIATION IS –ED FOR REGULAR VERBS:

WANTED WAITED REPORTED ADDED COMPLETED
IRREGULAR VERBS, AS ALL THE IRREGULAR FORMS IN ENGLISH, DON’T FOLLOW A SPECIF PATTERN.

INFINITIVE PAST PASTPARTICIPLE

Cut cut cut
Run ran run
Buy bought bought
Drive drove driven

THERE ARE ABOUT 252 IRREGULAR VERBS AND THE ONLY WAY TO LEARN THEM IS STUDYING THEM.

| |INFINITE |PAST |PAST |SIGNIFICADO |
| | | |PARTICIPLE| |
| | | | | |
| |be |was/were |been |ser, estar |
| |beat |Beat |beaten |vencer|
| |become |Became |become |Convertir |
| |begin |Began |begun |empezar |
| |bend |Bent |bent |Doblar |
||bet |Bet |bet |apostar |
| |bite |Bit |bitten |morder |
| |bleed |Bled |bled |sangrar |
| |blow|Blew |blown |Soplar |
| |break |Broke |broken |romper |
| |bring |Brought |brought |Traer |
| |broadcast|broadcast |broadcast |transmitir |
| |build |Built |built |construir |
| |burn |Burnt |burnt |quemar |
| |buy |Bought|bought |comprar |
| |catch |Caught |caught |atrapar |
| |choose |chose |chosen |escoger |
| |come |came |come...
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