Cómo hacer una resolución de la onu

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Resource Guide – How to Write a Draft Resolution

Resolutions are the primary tools of discussion in the United Nations. They form the basis for all UN Debate, bringing one or more issues to the floor in a form that Delegates can discuss, amend, and reject or ratify as circumstances dictate. They are usually state a policy that the United Nations will undertake, but the also may be in the formof treaties, conventions and declarations in some bodies. They range from very general to very specific in content. Depending on the body involved, they may call for or suggest a course of action, condemn an action, or require action or sanctions in the part of the member states. The General Assembly and Economic and Social Council may only call for or suggest actions. It should be noted that nobody other than the Security Council may require action or sanctions from member states. In some cases, final conventions or treaties may also require action, but this would only be on the part of the signatory nations. A regular UN resolution has three components: • Heading • Preamble • Operative Clauses The Heading The heading should have the following information: 1. The name of the committee(e.g. The United Nations Security Council) 2. The topic of the resolution (e.g. UNSC Reform) 3. A list of the nations sponsoring the resolution (the sponsors - e.g. France, UK, USA) 4. A list of the nations signing onto the resolution (the signatories - e.g. China, Russia) The Preamble The preamble states the problem and makes references to it from several sources including the UN Charter, past UNresolutions and statements by the Secretary-General or a relevant UN body or agency, recognition of the work or efforts of regional organizations in dealing with the issue, and general statements on the topic, its significance and its effects. The perambulatory clauses always start with verbs like: Affirming… Alarmed… Anxious… Fully… …aware… …believing…

Approving… Aware of… Bearing in mind…Being convinced… Believing… Cognizant… Concerned… Confident… Conscious… Considering… Contemplating… Convinced… Declaring… Deeply disturbed… Desiring… Determined… Emphasizing… Encouraged… Endorsing… Expressing… …appreciation… …deep appreciation… Expecting… Fulfilling…

…bearing in mind… Grieved… Guided by… Having… …adopted… …approved… …considered… …examined further… …received… …reviewed… Keeping inmind… Mindful… Noting… …further …with approval… …with concern… …with deep concern… …with grave concern… …with regret… …with satisfaction… Observing… Reaffirming… Realizing…

Recalling… Recognizing… Referring… Regretting… Reiterating… Seeking… Stressing… Welcoming…

Operative Clauses Operative Clauses state the solution the committee is offering to solve the problem at hand. All the operativeclauses are numbered and should be listed in a logical order that proposes a single idea in every number. Each clause ends with a semi-colon with the exception of the very last one, which finishes with a period. The operative clauses start with verbs such as: Accepts… Adopts… Affirms… Appeals… Appreciates… Approves… Authorizes… Calls upon… Commends… Concurs… Condemns… Confirms… Further… …concurs……invites… …proclaims… …reminds… …recommends… …requests… …resolves… Instructs… Invites… Notes… …with appreciation…

Congratulates… Considers… Decides… …accordingly… Declares… Deplores.. Designates… Directs… Emphasizes… Encourages… Endorses… Expressing… …its appreciation… …its conviction… …its regret… …its sympathy… …its thanks… …the belief… …the hope…

…with approval… …with interest… …withsatisfaction… Reaffirms… …its belief… Recognizes… Recommends… Regrets… Reiterates… Renews its appeal… Repeats… Suggests… Strongly… Supports… Takes not of… Transmits… Urges… Welcomes…

Amendments During the course of negotiation and cooperation, draft resolutions will alter through changes known as amendments. The guidelines for these amendments are less strict since many arise during the course...
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