This report is submitted to Florida Technical Collegein Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements of the Certificate Degree
Presented on:December 22, 2011
The various forms of spina bifida include spina bifida occulta, meningomyelocele, meningocele and myelomeningocele. It affects approximately 1 out of every 1,000newborns in the United States. They are four types of Spina bifida. First there is spina bifida occulta the most common and milder in which one or more vertebrae are malformed. The name “hidden”indicates that malformation, or opening in the column is covered by a layer of skin. This form of spina bifida rarely causes disability or symptoms. Secondly Myelomeningocele this condition it’s located morefrequently in the lumbosacral region. In this way, the cyst traps the nerve. Roots or spinal cord may be exposed o section of this and nerves, absconding cerebrospinal fluid, may be the entry pointfor an infection, so their involvement is severe. In turn we find two forms of myelomeningocele, open or ulcerated (unprotected spinal) and closed (the bone is covered with skin). Third we haveMeningocele region can be located in the lumbosacral region in the cervical and thoracic. It consists of a malformation of one of the vertebral arches posterior protrusion producing a cyst or a bag full ofliquid cafalorraquideo meninges, which flows through the open part of the spinal cord. It can be closed surgically being its slight affectation. A variety of meningocele is found when the cyst is filledwith lipomatous tissues, would be a lipomeningocele. Last but not least we have the fourth type witch is Meningomyelocele Protrusion of the membranes that cover the spine but some of the spinal...