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PISA 2009 Results: Executive Summary

This work is published on the responsibility of the Secretary-General of the OECD. The opinions expressed and arguments employed herein do not necessarily reflect the official views of the Organisation or of the governments of its member countries.

Please cite this publication as: OECD (2010), PISA 2009 Results: Executive Summary

The statisticaldata for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities. The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law.

Photo credits: Getty Images © Ariel Skelley Getty Images © Geostock Getty Images © Jack Hollingsworth StocklibImage Bank © Yuri Arcurs

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© OECD 2010
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IntroductIon to PISA

PISA focuses on young people’s ability to use their knowledge andskills to meet real-life challenges. this orientation reflects a change in the goals and objectives of curricula themselves, which are increasingly concerned with what students can do with what they learn at school and not merely with whether they have mastered specific curricular content. PISA’s unique features include its: • Policy orientation, which highlights differences in performancepatterns and identifies features common to highperforming students, schools and education systems by linking data on learning outcomes with data on student characteristics and other key factors that shape learning in and outside of school. • Innovative concept of “literacy”, which refers both to students’ capacity to apply knowledge and skills in key subject areas and to their ability to analyse,reason and communicate effectively as they pose, interpret and solve problems in a variety of situations. • Relevance to lifelong learning, which goes beyond assessing students’ competencies in school subjects by asking them to report on their motivation to learn, their beliefs about themselves and their learning strategies. • Regularity, which enables countries to monitor their progress in meetingkey learning objectives. • Breadth of geographical coverage and collaborative nature, which, in PISA 2009, encompasses the 34 OecD member countries and 41 partner countries and economies. to learn more about PISA and to download our publications and data, please visit our website: to learn more about the OecD, please visit

PISA 2009 ReSultS: executIve SummARy© OECD 2010


Executive Summary
WhAt StuDentS KnOW AnD cAn DO: StuDent PeRfORmAnce In ReADIng, mAthemAtIcS AnD ScIence........................................................................................................ 6 OveRcOmIng SOcIAl BAcKgROunD: equIty In leARnIng OPPORtunItIeS AnD OutcOmeS ........... 9 leARnIng tO leARn: StuDent engAgement, StRAtegIeS AnD PRActIceS...
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