Country notebook chile

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II. Economic Analysis

I. Introduction

The Chilean economy is internationally known as one of the strongest in America .Although through its history has faced several crisis in recent years has had a significant and sustained growth. The neoliberal economic model that was implemented during the military regime has been maintained by the government that only minor changes madewas to fund government social programs

II. Population 7

A. Total

16,888,760 (July 2011 est.)
Country comparisons to the world: 59

1. Growth rates

0.836% (2011 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 131

2. Infant mortality

Total: 7.34 deaths/1,000 live births
Country comparison to the world: 163

Male: 8.1 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 6.55 deaths/1,000 live births(2011 est.)

3. Birthrates

14.33 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 144

B. Distribution of population

1. Age

0-14 years: 22.3% (male 1,928,210/female 1,840,839)
15-64 years: 68.1% (male 5,751,091/female 5,744,014)
65 years and over: 9.6% (male 680,450/female 944,156) (2011 est.)

2. Sex

At birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
Under 15years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female
Total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

3. Urbanization

Urban population: 89% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization: 1.1% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

4. Migration rates

0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 79

Majorcities
Santiago (capital) 5.883 million; Valparaiso 865,000 (2009)

5. Ethnic groups

White and white-Amerindian 95.4%,
Mapuche 4%,
Other indigenous groups 0.6% (2002 census)

III. Economic statistics and activity

A. Gross national product (GNP or GDP)

1. Total

$260 billion (2010 est.)

Country comparison to the world: 46

$246.9 billion (2009 est.)
$250.6 billion(2008 est.)
Note: data are in 2010 US dollars

2. Rate of growth (real GNP or GDP)

5.3% (2010 est.)

Country comparison to the world: 54

-1.5% (2009 est.)
3.7% (2008 est.)

B. Personal income per capita

$15,500 (2010 est.)

Country comparison to the world: 72
$14,900 (2009 est.)

$15,200 (2008 est.)
Note: data are in 2010 US dollars

C. Distribution of wealth52.4 (2009)

Country comparison to the world: 16

57.1 (2000)
Note: Gini index

D. Surface transportation

Airport:
Total: 366 (2010)
Country comparison to the world: 22

Railway:
Total: 7,082 km
Country comparison to the world: 29

Roadway
Total: 80,505 km
Country comparison to the world: 59

Ports
Total: 48
Country comparison to the world: 71
By type: bulk carrier 11,cargo 10, chemical tanker 8, container 1, liquefied gas 2, passenger 4, passenger/cargo 3, petroleum tanker 8, roll on/roll off 

E. Communication systems

1. Types

Telephones - main lines in use:
3.575 million (2009)
Country comparison to the world: 44

Telephones - mobile cellular:
16.45 million (2009)
Country comparison to the world: 44

Broadcast media:
The state-ownedTelevision Nacional de Chile (TVN);
Large number of privately-owned TV stations
About 250 radio stations (2007)

Internet users:
7.009 million (2009)
Country comparison to the world: 39

F. Principal industries

Copper, lithium, other minerals, foodstuffs, fish processing, iron and steel, wood and wood products, transport equipment, cement, textiles.

G. Foreign investment (PriceWater House Cooper)

Restrictions on foreign ownership

There are no percentage restrictions on foreign holdings nor are there any restrictions on foreign ownership of buildings and land, with the only exception of land located in limiting territories, which may not be owned by nationals of border countries, or by juridical persons which have their head office in such country or are owned...
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