Country paper argentina

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  • Publicado : 2 de mayo de 2011
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1. INTRODUCTION
The present work is about the Argentina’s Republic. The reason why I chose this Latin-American country is that this land is next to my home country (Chile) and I plan to visit this country the next year. Other reason is its economic plan, and how they went out of the past crisis (“El corralito argentino”). We usually talk about these facts in class and we use that like examplesof fix exchange rates and how and how much can this affect the economy of one country.
Another reason is I had the luck of visit this country and I saw the education levels and many others thinks. And I think that will be interesting know how this country pays his education and health system.
First of all we will talk about general information, like geography, social issues, etc. Then we willread about his internal economy, his current macroeconomic situation, his economic structure and his international economics relation. Finally I will write about personal consideration and future perspective that I can conclude after do this work.

2 OVERVIEW
2.1General information
2.1.1 Geography:
The Republic Argentina, is the American continent, specifically in the south of LatinAmerica, has a surface of 3.761.274 km², and has 15.000 km of borders; is the second largest country of the continent and the eighth of the world at North limit with Bolivia and Paraguay, at South with Chile and with the Atlantic Ocean, at East whit Brazil, Uruguay and Atlantic Ocean and in the West with Chile again.
In this country lives 36.260.130 people, distributed in 23 provinces and one bigcapital (Buenos Aires)
The current president of Argentina is Cristina Fernandez (wife of the past president: Nestor Kirchner).
The name Argentina comes from the Latin word Argentum, meaning silver. This name goes back to the Spanish Conquerors that were in this region in 1524.
In this country you will find not only the highest peak in America (Aconcagua 6 959 mts) and the widest river in the world(Rio de la Plata 220 km at its mouth)

Argentina has a mild climate, with a subtropical area in the North and cold weather in the South.
Buenos Aires is mainly humid. Summers are warm (28°C average) and winters are mild (3°C to 8°C).

2.1.2 History.
Pre-Independence
“Argentina, before the arrival of the Spanish, was inhabited by nomadic tribes. Of these tribes there were the Yamana wholived in Patagonia and the Gurani who lived in the tropical northeast. The tribes were the traditional hunters although some did settle and started to grow crops such as maize.
The Spanish then entered the history books in 1536, first encountering the Querandi tribes during their search for gold and silver. Tensions rose and eventually escalated to an attack which drove the Spanish back tomodern day Paraguay.
In 1580 the Spanish returned and founded Buenos Aires.
Independence
In 1776 Buenos Aires was announced as the new capital of the viceroyalty of the Rio de la Plata. Although the Spanish had control of the area, their trade restrictions on the locals led to a revolt which ended in a declaration of independence in 1816.
As Argentina developed and grew there also grew a riftbetween the capital and the provinces. Those from the capital came to known as the Unitarists while those from outside the capital were known as the Federalists. Civil war followed which was a bloody, messy and exhausting period of Argentina’s history.
In 1829 Juan Manuel de Rosas came to power. A Federalist he actually applied his own brand on Unitarist principles which centralised control of thenation from Buenos Aires. Although stability returned to Argentina the country paid a price for it as the leader implemented policy through a strong military and the infamous mazorca (secret police). In 1852 Rosas was removed from power.
Modern Argentina
The next stage in Argentina’s history can be seen as the founding of the modern state. The new Unitarist government implemented a liberal...
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