El hijo de la novia

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  • Publicado : 9 de febrero de 2011
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Learning and Strain Among Newcomers: A Three-Wave Study on the Effects of Job Demands and Job Control. By: Taris, Toon W.; Feij, Jan A.. Journal of Psychology, Nov2004, Vol. 138 Issue 6, p543-563, 21p, 2 charts, 3 diagrams Abstract: The present 3-wave longitudinal study was an examination of job-related learning and strain as a function of job demand and job control. The participants were 311newcomers to their jobs. On the basis of R. A. Karasek and T. Theorell's (1990) demand-control model, the authors predicted that high demand and high job control would lead to high levels of learning; low demand and low job control should lead to low levels of learning; high demand and low job control should lead to high levels of strain; and low demand and high job control should lead to low levelsof strain. The relation between strain and learning was also examined. The authors tested the hypotheses using ANCOVA and structural equation modeling. The results revealed that high levels of strain have an adverse effect on learning; the reverse effect was not confirmed. It appears that Karasek and Theorell's model is very relevant when examining work socialization processes. [ABSTRACT FROMAUTHOR] (AN 15580334)

Social antecedents of the role stress and career-enhancing strategies of newcomers to organizations: A longitudinal study. By: Jesús Bravo, Maria; Peiró, José Maria; Rodriguez, Isabel; Whitely, William T.. Work & Stress, Jul2003, Vol. 17 Issue 3, p195-217, 23p, 1 chart, 2 diagrams Abstract: Newcomers experience uncertainty and stress following entry into an organization.Two features of socialization are important for reducing their stress: socialization tactics and relations with superiors and co-workers. The present study tests a structural equation model, including, first, the effects over time of initial institutional socialization tactics and, second, the association between social relations at the workplace on newcomers' role stress and career-enhancingstrategies, two years later, among a large ( N =661) international sample of job and organization stayers. Using LISREL 8.3 the results indicate a good fit between the model and data on several fit indices. Institutional socialization tactics had a significant association with newcomers' relations with both their superiors and co-workers, and a significant negative association with their role conflict.Newcomers' relations with superiors had a negative relationship with their role ambiguity, and a positive relationship with two kinds of career-enhancing strategies that they use to aid in their adaptation to their work situation. The relations of newcomers with co-workers were positively related to role conflict and negatively related to role ambiguity. Co-worker relations were also positivelyrelated to immediate career-enhancing strategies. Role conflict was positively related to immediate and negatively related to intermediate career-enhancing strategies, while role ambiguity was negatively related to intermediate career-enhancing strategies. The results are discussed in relation to their theoretical and practical importance. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR] DOI: 10.1080/02678370310001625658(AN 11623006)

The relationship of anticipation to newcomer socialization processes and outcomes: A pilot study. By: Holton III, Elwood F.; Russell, Craig J.. Journal of Occupational & Organizational Psychology, Jun97, Vol. 70 Issue 2, p163-172, 10p, 3 charts, 1 diagram Abstract: The construct of new employee anticipation was explored within a model of newcomer socialization. Measures ofanticipation, socialization processes and outcomes obtained from new college graduates one year alter graduation (N = 378) suggested low-anticipation newcomers report lower job satisfaction, commitment, work motivation, job involvement and psychological success. Graduates who anticipated their jobs perceived organizations as being more receptive to them, jobs as more challenging, greater control over...