1 Archeology: The systematic study of past human life and culture by the recovery and examination of remaining material evidence, such as graves, buildings, tools, and pottery.
2 Artifact: An object produced or shaped by human craft, especially a tool, weapon, or ornament of archaeological or historical interest.
3 History: Ausually chronological record of events, as of the life or development of a people or institution.
4 Primary source: Is a term used in a number of disciplines.
5 Secondary source: is a document or recording that relates or discusses information originally presented elsewhere.
6 Oral history: Historical information, usually tape recorded or videotaped, obtained ininterviews with persons having firsthand knowledge.
7 Fact: Knowledge or information based on real occurrences: an account based on fact; a blur of fact and fancy.
8 Opinion: A belief or conclusion held with confidence but not substantiated by positive knowledge or proof.
9 Chronology: The science that deals with the determination of dates and the sequence of events.
10Before Christ: Detailed, precise description of a place or region.
11 Anno domini: The Christian era in the Gregorian calendar, starting from the year ad 1 as the calculated and back-projected year in which Christ was believed to have been born. Widely used in western societies.
12 Geography: The study of the earth and its features and of the distribution of life on the earth, includinghuman life and the effects of human activity.
13 Cartography: The art or technique of making maps or charts.
14 Longitude: angular distance on the earth's surface measured along any latitude line such as the equator east or west of the prime meridian.
15 Latitude: The angular distance north or south of the earth's equator, measured in degrees along a meridian, as on a map or globe.16 Hemisphere: A half of a sphere bounded by a great circle.
17 Topography: Detailed, precise description of a place or region.
18 Traditional economy: is an economic system in which resources are allocated by inheritance, and which has a strong social network and is based on indigenous technology and methods.
19 Market economy: An economy that operates by voluntary exchange ina free market and is not planned or controlled by a central authority; a capitalistic economy.
20 Supply: To make available for use; provide.
21 Demand: To ask for urgently or peremptorily: demand an investigation into the murder; demanding that he leave immediately; demanded to speak to the manager.
22 Developed country: is used to describe countries that have a high level ofdevelopment according to some criteria.
23 Developing country: A nation where the average income is much lower than in industrial nations, where the economy relies on a few export crops, and where farming is conducted by primitive methods.
24 Gross national product: The total market value of all the goods and services produced by a nation during a specified period.
25 Natural resources:A material source of wealth, such as timber, fresh water, or a mineral deposit, that occurs in a natural state and has economic value.
26 Subsistence farming: Growth of crops predominantly for consumption by the farm family rather than for sale.
27 IMPORT: To bring or carry in from an outside source, especially to bring in goods or materials from a foreign country for trade or sale.
28Oligarchy: Government by a few, especially by a small faction of persons or families.
29 Theocracy: means literally ‘the rule of God’ and the term was invented by Josephus to describe the ancient Hebrew constitution and the role of Mosaic Law.
30 Aristocracy: Government by a ruling class.
31 Monarchy: Government by a monarch.
32 Absolute monarchy: Rule by one person, a...