• RED CROSS is the common name given to the “The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement “; it is an international humanitarian movement , with approximately 100 million volunteers, members and staff worldwide, which was founded to protect human life and health, to ensure respect for all human beings, and to prevent and alleviate human suffering, without any discriminationbased on nationality, race, sex, religious beliefs, class or political opinions. The movement is made up of several distinct organizations that are legally independent from each other, but are united within the movement through common basic principles (humanity, impartiality, neutrality, independence, voluntary service, unity and universality), objectives, symbols, statutes and governing organs:•
The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC): • Mission: to facilitate and promote all humanitarian activities carried out by its member National Societies to improve the situation of the most vulnerable people. • directs and coordinates international assistance of the Movement to victims of natural and technological disasters, to refugees and in healthemergencies. • acts as the official representative of its member Societies in the international field • promotes cooperation between National Societies, • works to strengthen NS’s capacity to carry out effective disaster preparedness, health and social programs.
National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies • exist in nearly every country in the world (186 NS are recognized). • Basic Units • act asauxiliaries to the public authorities of their own countries in the humanitarian field and provide a range of services: • disaster relief • Health • social programs. • During wartime, National Societies assist the affected civilian population and support the army medical services where appropriate.
The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC): • exclusively humanitarian mission: to protectthe lives and dignity of victims of war and internal violence and to provide them with assistance. • directs and coordinates in situations of conflict the international relief activities conducted by the Movement. • It also endeavors to prevent suffering by promoting and strengthening humanitarian law and universal humanitarian principles.
IFRC: International Federation of RedCross and Red Crescent Societies
Improves the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity Coordinates and directs international assistance following natural and man-made disasters in non-conflict situations, working with National Societies (NS) Cooperates with the NS of the affected countries - called the Host National Society (HNS) - as well as the NS of other countrieswilling to offer assistance - called Partner National Societies (PNS).
The International Federation of Red Cross and Re
Governing Structure (partial)
Secretary General Bekele Geleta
1º.-CIO of the Secretariat
Risk Management & Audit
Business Grouping on humanitarian values & diplomacy Trygve G. NordbyEurope Zone
Business Grouping on Governance and Management services Malik Aït-Mohamed Parent
Business Grouping on NS & Knowledge Development Mukesh Kapila
Asia Pacific Zone
Business Grouping on Program Services Matthias Schmale
Livelihood support links directly with the aims of IFRC’s Strategy 2020, particularly the first aim – “savelives, protect livelihoods …” - but encompasses them all.
1º.- supports NS 2º.- represents the IFRC globally 3º.- coordinates the RC family’s international response
Red Cross National Societies (NS)
Act as auxiliaries to the public authorities of their own countries in the humanitarian field and provide a range of services including disaster relief, health, livelihood...