* Women work had been traditionally focused on family life, but feminist sociologists have taken a strong interest in the family as a social institution.
* Feminist theorist have urged social scientists and social agencies to rethink the notion that family in which no adult male is present are automatically a cause for concern, or even dysfunctional. They havealso contributed to research on single women, single parent household, and lesbian couples. In the case of single mothers, researchers have focused on the resiliency of many such households despite economic stress.
* Considering feminist research on the family as a whole, one researcher that the family is a source of women’s strength concluded.
* Social Perspectives on the family* Theoretical Perspective
Functionalist - The family as a contributor to social stability roles of family members.
Conflict – The family as a perpetuator of inequality transmission of poverty or wealth across generations.
Interactionist – Relationships among family members.
Feminist – The family as a perpetuator or gender roles females headed households.
* Marriage andFamily
Over 95% of all men and women in the United States marry at least once during their lifetimes. In fact, despite the high rate of divorce, there are some indications of a miniboom in marriage of late. In the upper class, the emphasis on linage and maintains of family position.
* Courtship and mate selection
Internet romance is only the latest courtship practice. In the central Asiannation of Uzbekistan and many other traditional cultures, courtship is defined largely through the interaction of two sets of parents, who arrange marriage for the children typically, a young Uzbekistan woman will be socialized to eagerly anticipate her marriage to a man when she has met only once, when he is presented to her family at the final inspection of her dowry.
* Definitions.* Endogamy – specifies the groups within which a spouse must be friend and prohibits marriage with others.
* Exogamy – Requires mate selection outside certain groups, usually one’s own family or certain kinfolk.
* Incest Taboo – a social norm common to virtually all societies, prohibits sexual relationships between certain culturally specified relatives
* Homogamy –The conscious tendency to select a mate with personal characteristic similar one’s own.
* The love Relation
Today’s generation of college students seems more likely to hook up or cruise in large packs than to engage in the romantic dating relationships of their parents and grandparents.
Parents in the United States tend to value love highly as a rationale for marriage, so they encouragestheir children to develop intimate relationships based on love and a fraction.
* Variations in family life and intimate relationships.
* Social Class Differences – Various studies have documented the differences in family organization among social classes in the United States.
* Racial and Ethnic Differences – The subordinate of a racial and ethnic minority in the UnitedStates profoundly affects their family’s lives.
For Example: The lower incomes of Africans Americans, Native Americans and most Hispanic groups, and select Asian American groups make creating and maintaining successful marital unions a difficult task.
Sociologist also has taken note of differences in family patterns among other racial and ethnic groups. For Example: Mexican American men have beendescribed as exhibiting a sense of virility, personal worth, and pride in their maleness that is called Machismo.
* Familism – Refers to pride in the extended family, expressed through the maintenance of close ties and strong obligations to Kinfolk outside the immediate family.
* Parenthood and Grandparenthood – The socialization of children is essential to the maintenance of any culture....