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Ministerio de educación

C.E.B.G. Residencial Vista Alegre

Materia: Ingles

Tema: Plural Nouns

Estudiante: Raimundo Comparaz

Profesor: Eduardo Soto

Grado: 9° D

Fecha de entrega: 30-8-2012 (Jueves)
Ministerio de educación

C.E.B.G. Residencial Vista Alegre

Materia: Ingles

Tema: Body Parts

Estudiante: Raimundo Comparaz

Profesor: Eduardo Soto

Grado: 9° D

Fechade entrega: 30-8-2012 (Jueves)
Plural Nouns:
Notes:
1. The written lesson is below.
2. Links to quizzes, tests, etc. are to the left.

If a noun ends in a vowel, make it plural by adding -s.
libro: libros
(libro + s)
pluma: plumas
(pluma + s)
chico: chicos
(chico + s)
señora: señoras
(señora + s)

The definite articles (el, la) also change in the plural form. They become"los" and "las." The definite articles will be covered in depth in the next lesson.
el libro: los libros
la pluma: las plumas
el chico: los chicos
la señora: las señoras

If a noun ends in a consonant, make it plural by adding -es.
el borrador: los borradores
(borrador + es)
la universidad: las universidades
(universidad + es)
el profesor: los profesores
(profesor + es)
la ciudad: lasciudades
(ciudad + es)

If a noun ends in -ión, add -es and drop the written accent.
el avión: los aviones
la conversación: las conversaciones
la sección: las secciones
la televisión: las televisiones
Note: You may wonder why "avión" isn't feminine. Notice that it doesn't qualify for our rule which says that all nouns ending in -ción and sión are feminine.

If a noun ends in -z, add -esand change the z to c.
el lápiz: los lápices
la voz: las voces
el tapiz: los tapices
la actriz: las actrices

When the plural refers to two or more nouns of different genders, the masculine plural is used.
2 perros + 6 perras = 8 perros (not perras)
1 gato + 8 gatas = 9 gatos (not gatas)

A few nouns are "compound nouns," that is, they are formed by combining two words into one.
(Example:abre + latas = abrelatas / open + cans = can opener)

These compound nouns are always masculine, and the plural is formed by changing the "el" to "los."
el abrelatas
los abrelatas
el paraguas
los paraguas

Let's review the rules for making nouns plural.
* If a noun ends in a vowel, simply add -s.
* If a noun ends in a consonant, simply add -es.
* If a noun ends in a -z, changethe z to c before adding -es.
* If a noun ends in ión, drop the written accent before adding -es.
* If the plural refers to a mixed group, use the masculine.
* For compound nouns, change "el" to "los".

Body Parts:
ankle | tobillo |
buttock | nalga |
calf | pantorrilla |
femur | fémur |
foot, feet | pie, pies |
heel | talón |
heelbone | calcáneo |
instep | empeine |knee | rodilla |
kneecap | rótula |
metatarsus | metatarso |
patella | rótula |
phalanges | falanges |
shin | canilla |
shinbone | tibia |
splint bone | peroné |
tarsus | tarso |
thigh | muslo |
thighbone | fémur |
toe | dedo del pie |
elbow | codo |
finger | dedo |
fingertip | yema del dedo |
fist | puño |
forearm | antebrazo |
hand | mano |
humerus | húmero|
index finger | índice |
knuckle | nudillo |
little finger | meñique |
middle finger | dedo medio |
nail | uña |
palm | palma de la mano |
phalanx | falange |
ring finger | anular |
radius | radio |
second phalanx | falangina |
shoulder | hombro |
third phalanx | falangeta |
thumb | pulgar |
ulna | cúbito |
upper arm | brazo |
wrist | muñeca |
bags under the eyes| ojeras |
beard | barba |
brain | cerebro |
canine tooth | colmillo |
cheek | mejilla |
chin | mentón |
crow's feet | patas de gallo |
dimple | hoyuelo |
ear | oreja |
eye | ojo |
eyebrow | ceja |
eyelash | pestaña |
eyelid | párpado |
forehead | frente |
freckle | peca |
gum | encía |
hair | cabello |
hard palate | paladar duro |
incisors | incisivos |...
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