J Appl Physiol 86:1527-1533, 1999. You might find this additional information useful... This article cites 31 articles, 6 of which you can access free at: http://jap.physiology.org/cgi/content/full/86/5/1527#BIBL This article has been cited by 12 other HighWire hosted articles, the first 5 are: Systematic analysisof adaptations in aerobic capacity and submaximal energy metabolism provides a unique insight into determinants of human aerobic performance N. B. J. Vollaard, D. Constantin-Teodosiu, K. Fredriksson, O. Rooyackers, E. Jansson, P. L. Greenhaff, J. A. Timmons and C. J. Sundberg J Appl Physiol, May 1, 2009; 106 (5): 1479-1486. [Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF] Run more, perform better--old truth revisitedH. Kainulainen J Appl Physiol, May 1, 2009; 106 (5): 1477-1478. [Full Text] [PDF]
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Journal of AppliedPhysiology publishes original papers that deal with diverse areas of research in applied physiology, especially those papers emphasizing adaptive and integrative mechanisms. It is published 12 times a year (monthly) by the American Physiological Society, 9650 Rockville Pike, Bethesda MD 20814-3991. Copyright © 2005 by the American Physiological Society. ISSN: 8750-7587, ESSN: 1522-1601. Visit our websiteat http://www.the-aps.org/.
Explosive-strength training improves 5-km running time by improving running economy and muscle power
¨ ¨ ¨ ¨ LEENA PAAVOLAINEN,1 KEIJO HAKKINEN,2 ISMO HAMALAINEN,1 ARI NUMMELA,1 AND HEIKKI RUSKO1 1KIHU-Research Institute for Olympic Sports; and 2Neuromuscular Research Center and Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyvaskyla, ¨ ¨ SF-40700Jyvaskyla, Finland ¨ ¨
Paavolainen, Leena, Keijo Hakkinen, Ismo Ha¨ ¨ malainen, Ari Nummela, and Heikki Rusko. Explosive¨ ¨ strength training improves 5-km running time by improving running economy and muscle power. J. Appl. Physiol. 86(5): 1527–1533, 1999.—To investigate the effects of simultaneous explosive-strength and endurance training on physical performance characteristics, 10 experimental (E)and 8 control (C) endurance athletes trained for 9 wk. The total training volume was kept the same in both groups, but 32% of training in E and 3% in C was replaced by explosive-type strength training. A 5-km time trial (5K), running economy (RE), maximal 20-m speed (V20 m ), and 5-jump (5J) tests were measured on a track. Maximal anaerobic (MART) and aerobic treadmill running tests were used todetermine maximal velocity in the MART (VMART ) and maximal oxygen uptake ˙ (VO2 max). The 5K time, RE, and VMART improved (P 0.05) in E, but no changes were observed in C. V20 m and 5J increased ˙ in E (P 0.01) and decreased in C (P 0.05). VO2 max increased in C (P 0.05), but no changes were observed in E. In the pooled data, the changes in the 5K velocity during 9 wk of training correlated (P...